The Addis Ababa Massacre : Italy's national shame / Ian Campbell
- Campbell, Ian, 1945-
- New York : Oxford University Press, 
- Copyright Date:
- Physical Description:
- xliv, 478 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
- Machine generated contents note: 1.Background -- Prelude -- Addis Ababa on the Eve -- Invasion and Occupation -- Policies of Repression -- Warnings and Forebodings -- Yekatit 12 -- 2.The Trigger -- Speeches and Shocks -- Slaughter at the Palace -- 3.An Hour of Mayhem -- The Circle of Death -- Slaughter in Arada -- Escape to Qechene -- Foreign Dispatches -- 4.Death in the Afternoon -- Curfew (1.00--1.30 pm) -- Arrests, Detention and Murder (1.30--5.00 pm) -- A State of Siege -- 5.Carta Bianca -- `Do As You Please!' (4.30--5.00 pm) -- Terror Unleashed (5.00--6.45 pm) -- Fire and Fury (6.45 pm Friday--6.00 am Saturday) -- Villages of Death -- 6.The Second Day -- The Morning After -- The Killing Continues -- The Transport Operations -- Inside the Municipality -- Saturday Afternoon -- Mohamedally under Attack -- Another Night of Fire and Fury -- 7.The Third Day -- Sunday Morning -- `Reprisals Should Cease' -- Sunday Afternoon -- Blackshirts out of Control (Sunday Night) -- A Deadly New Development -- 8.The Aftermath -- The Battlefield -- Horrors at the Central Police Station -- Flight from the City -- Adrenalin Runs High -- Terror on the Outskirts -- Body Disposal at Gulele -- The Detained -- The Mystery of Engert's Refugees -- 9.Roman Justice -- Elimination of the Undesirables -- The Suspects -- The Young Ethiopians -- The Nobility and Notables -- 10.The Reckoning -- Who Gave the Order? -- The Participants -- The Victims -- Unsung Heroes -- The Death Toll -- Conclusion -- Robbery With Violence -- 11.The Cover-Up -- Perfect Tranquillity -- The Emperor Returns -- In Memoriam -- Appeals for Justice -- The Final Sabotage -- 12.Reflections.
- In February 1937, following an abortive attack by a handful of insurgents on Mussolini's High Command in Italian-occupied Ethiopia, 'repression squads' of armed Blackshirts and Fascist civilians were unleashed on the defenseless residents of Addis Ababa. In three terror-filled days and nights of arson, murder and looting, thousands of innocent and unsuspecting men, women and children were roasted alive, shot, bludgeoned, stabbed to death, or blown to pieces with hand-grenades. Meanwhile the notorious Viceroy Rodolfo Graziani, infamous for his atrocities in Libya, took the opportunity to add to the carnage by eliminating the intelligentsia and nobility of the ancient Ethiopian empire in a pogrom that swept across the land. In a richly illustrated and ground-breaking work backed up by meticulous and scholarly research, Ian Campbell reconstructs and analyses one of Fascist Italy's least known atrocities, which he estimates eliminated 19-20 percent of the capital's population. He exposes the hitherto little known cover-up conducted at the highest levels of the British government, which enabled the facts of one of the most hideous civilian massacres of all time to be concealed, and the perpetrators to walk free.
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 447-461) and index.
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