Multiphase Flow in Permeable Media [electronic resource].
- Blunt, Martin J.
- West Nyack : Cambridge University Press, 2017.
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource (520 pages)
- Cover; Half-title page; Title page; Copyright page; Dedication; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgements; List of Symbols; 1 Interfacial Curvature and Contact Angle; 1.1 Interfacial Tension; 1.2 Young-Laplace Equation; 1.3 The Young Equation and Contact Angle; 1.3.1 The Young Equation as an Energy Balance; 1.3.2 Interfacial Tension, Roughness and Wettability; 1.3.3 Capillary Rise; 1.3.4 Historical Interlude: Thomas Young and the Marquis de Laplace; 2 Porous Media and Fluid Displacement; 2.1 Pore-Space Images; 2.1.1 Statistical and Process-Based Pore-Space Reconstruction, 2.1.2 Definition of a Porous Medium, Representative Volumes, Porosity and Saturation2.2 Pore-Scale Networks and Topological Description; 2.2.1 Transport Networks; 2.2.2 Network Construction; 2.2.3 Generalized Network Models; 2.2.4 Topological Descriptors of the Pore Space; 2.3 Wettability and Displacement; 2.3.1 Thermodynamic Description of Displacement Processes; 2.3.2 Displacement Sequences; 2.3.3 Wettability and Wettability Change; 2.3.4 Surface Roughness and Contact Angle Hysteresis; 2.3.5 Effective Contact Angle and Curvature; 3 Primary Drainage, 3.1 Entry Pressures and Fluid Configurations3.1.1 Wetting Layers; 3.1.2 Entry Pressures for Irregular Throats; 3.2 Macroscopic Capillary Pressure in Drainage; 3.3 Bundle of Tubes Model and the Throat Size Distribution; 3.3.1 Prediction of Capillary Pressure from Images; 3.4 Invasion Percolation; 3.4.1 Scaling Relations in Invasion Percolation; 3.4.2 Displacement under Gravity and Gradient Percolation; 3.4.3 Invasion Percolation, Normal Percolation and Flow; 3.5 Final Saturation and Maximum Capillary Pressure; 4 Imbibition and Trapping; 4.1 Layer Flow, Swelling and Snap-Off, 4.1.1 Roof Snap-Off during Drainage4.2 Piston-Like Advance and Pore Filling; 4.2.1 Piston-Like Throat Filling; 4.2.2 Cooperative Pore Filling; 4.2.3 Competition between Snap-Off and Cooperative Pore Filling; 4.2.4 Frequency of Different Filling Events; Plates; 4.2.5 Dynamics of Filling; 4.2.6 Displacement as a Series of Metastable States; 4.3 Displacement Patterns in Imbibition; 4.3.1 Percolation with Trapping; 4.3.2 Invasion Percolation with Trapping; 4.3.3 Frontal Advance; 4.3.4 Cluster Growth; 4.3.5 Phase Diagrams for Capillary-Controlled Displacement, 4.3.6 Infiltration or Unstable Imbibition under Gravity4.4 Macroscopic Capillary Pressure; 4.5 Interfacial Area; 4.6 Capillary Trapping and Residual Saturation; 4.6.1 Direct Imaging of Trapped Clusters andPercolation Theory; 4.6.2 Effect of Initial Saturation; 5 Wettability and Displacement Paths; 5.1 Definitions and Capillary Pressure Cycles; 5.2 Oil and Water Layers; 5.2.1 Pinned Water Layers and Forced Snap-Off; 5.2.2 Forced Water Injection and Oil Layer Formation; 5.2.3 Recap of Displacement Processes; 5.3 Capillary Pressures and Wettability Indices, and 5.3.1 Wettability Trends and Relationships between Indices
- 9781316145098 and 1316145093
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