The Pacific insular case of American Sāmoa : land rights and law in unincorporated US territories / Line-Noue Memea Kruse
- Kruse, Line-Noue Memea
- Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan, 
- Physical Description:
- xvii, 211 pages ; 22 cm
- Machine generated contents note: 1.Introduction -- Reference -- 2.Samoa and Traditional Land Tenure -- Fa'asamoa and Communal Land Tenure -- Nu'u (Village) -- Matai (Chief) -- American Samoan Fono (Legislature) -- Europeans in Samoa Islands -- Samoa Wars and Alliances -- References -- 3.American International Expansion -- Early US Interest in Samoa -- Samoa Islands Politicking -- Condominium, No Samoan Representation -- 1900 and 1904 Deeds of Cession -- Non-traditional Territory -- Unincorporated Status Comparisons to Other US Territories -- Alienation of Lands -- References -- 4.US Naval Administration of American Samoa -- Naval Administration Authority -- Law of Convenience and Individual Land Ownership -- Individually Owned Lands -- Adverse Possession -- Land Tenure -- Land Categorization -- References -- 5.Ex Proprio Vigore and the Insular Cases -- Ex Proprio Vigore and the Insular Cases -- Organized, Unorganized, Unincorporated, Citizenship -- US Citizenship and American Samoa -- American Samoans = US Nationals -- Fourteenth Amendment and Fundamental Rights -- Due Process and Equal Protections -- US Department of the Interior -- American Samoa Today -- Society -- Population Demographics -- US Possessions, Not Territories -- Imprecise Territorial Framework -- Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam: Unincorporated Classification of US Territories -- Philippines -- Puerto Rico and Guam -- References -- 6.American Samoan Legal History: 1900-1941 -- Customary Law and English Common Law Converge Over Communal Lands -- Adverse Land Possession: Ten Tears of Continuous Cultivation and Possession -- Incorporating Civility and Stabilization to Land Titles, Naval High Court -- Moneyed Economy, Cultivation, Taxes -- Dividing Customary Lands: Less Land for Communal Use and Access -- Land and Changing Society -- References -- 7.Individually Owned Lands and Communal Land Tenure -- Decisions and Vernacular Language Usage in High Court, Tracing Individual Ownership -- Ancient Statute of Merton -- Case Law's Evolution from Adverse Land Rights to Individually Owned Land Tenure -- Oral Tradition Termed "Hearsay" and Oral History Limited to 40 Years -- 1901--1930 -- 1930--1940 -- 1940--1960 -- Attributes of Individually Owned Lands -- 1960--1980 -- Growth of Individually Owned Lands -- References -- 8.Retention of Communal Lands -- Protection Mechanisms and Failures for Communal Land Tenure -- Law in a Christian Context -- Keeping Land in Samoan Hands -- American Samoa "Native" Definition -- Efforts to Retain Customary Land and Matai System -- Unanswered Questions -- References -- 9.Legal and Political Futures for American Samoa -- Other Political Frameworks in the Pacific Region -- Independence: Independent State of Samoa -- Compact of Free Association: Republic of Palau -- Commonwealth Covenant: Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) -- Plausible Alternative Political and Legal Status -- References -- 10.Conclusion -- References.
- This book is a researched study of land issues in American Sāmoa that analyzes the impact of U.S. colonialism and empire building in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Carefully tracing changes in land laws up to the present, this volume also draws on a careful examination of legal traditions, administrative decisions, court cases and rising tensions between indigenous customary land tenure practices in American Sāmoa and Western notions of individual private ownership. It also highlights how unusual the status of American Sāmoa is in its relationship with the U.S., namely as the only "unincorporated" and "unorganized" overseas territory, and aims to expand the U.S. empire-building scholarship to include and recognize American Sāmoa into the vernacular of Americanization projects--
- 3319699709 hardcover and 9783319699707 hardcover
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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