Foundations of Bioethics
- Engelhardt, H. Tristram (Hugo Tristram), Jr., 1941-2018
- [Place of publication not identified] : Oxford University Press, USA, 1995.
- 2nd ed.
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource (465 pages)
- Cover; Contents; 1. Introduction: bioethics as a plural noun; Bioethics in the face of moral pluralism; Bioethics and postmodernity; Politics, morality, and bioethics; Bioethics in the ruins; Toleration in the face of moral diversity; 2. The Intellectual Bases of Bioethics; Varieties of ethics; The problem of objectivity in morals; Problems in justifying a particular moral viewpoint; Attempts to justify a content-full secular ethics: why they all fail; At the brink of nihilism; The way out of nihilism: saving the moral legitimacy of secular bioethics., Moral authority in postmodernity: legitimating health care policyMorality and bioethics for friends; morality and bioethics for strangers; Communities, secularity, and bioethics: providing health care in a morally fragmented world; The strangeness of moral strangers; The health professional as bureaucrat and geographer of values; Bioethics in the face of moral diversity: a summary; 3. The Principles of Bioethics; Permission and beneficence: the conflict at the roots of bioethics; The will to morality and the problem of intersubjectivity; How Kant smuggled content into his moral conclusions., The sanctions for immoralityGiving authority and content to the principle of beneficence; Justifying the principles of morality; The tension between the principles; The principle of justice; The principles of bioethics; Moral tension and the centrality of forbearance rights; Conflicting rights and obligations; TEYKU: the opacity of some problems to moral reasoning; 4. The Context of Health Care: Persons, Possessions, and States; The special place of persons; A bias in favor of persons?; Potentiality and probability; An excursus regarding animals., Infants, the profoundly retarded, and social senses of ""person""Severely defective newborns: weakening the protections of the social role of person; Being a person: in the strict sense and in various social senses; Sleeping persons and the problem of embodiment; Owning people, animals, and things; Endangered species, the Coliseum, and the bioethics of ecology; Ownership: a summary; States and their authority; The limited moral authority of the secular state; Toward Utopia; A postmodern reflection on property, states, and health care policy; 5. The Languages of Medicalization; Shaping reality., and The four languages of medicineDisease language as evaluative; Disease language as descriptive; Disease language as explanatory; Disease language as shaping social reality; The social construction of medical reality and the challenge of clinical judgment; Seeing a problem as a medical, rather than as a legal, religious, or educational problem; The democratization of medical reality: some conclusions; 6. The Endings and Beginnings of Persons: Death, Abortion, and Infanticide; The definition of death; Bodies, minds, and persons; Embodiments; Living and dying with less than absolute certainty.
- This new, thoroughly recast Second Edition has been acclaimed as ""the most important book written since the beginning of that strange project called bioethics"" (Stanley Hauerwas, Duke University). Its philosophical exploration of the foundations of secular bioethics has been substantially expanded. The book challenges the values of much of contemporary bioethics and health care policy by confronting their failure to secure the moral norms they seek to apply. The nature of health and disease, the definition of death, the morality of abortion, infanticide, euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide.
- 9780199939480 and 0199939489
- The development of a whole-brain definition of death.
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