Physiological and morphological effects of high water tables on early growth of giant reed (<i>Arundo donax</i>), elephant grass (<i>Pennisetum purpureum</i>), energycane and sugarcane (<i>Saccharum spp.</i>) [electronic resource].
- Washington, D.C. : United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, 2013.
Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy
- Physical Description:
- 84 pages : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- United States. Department of Energy. Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- Here, an increasing demand for renewable energy sources has spurred interest in high-biomass crops used for energy production. Species potentially well-suited for biofuel production in the seasonally wet organic Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) of Florida include giant reed (<i>Arundo donax</i>), elephant grass (<i>Pennisetum Purpureum</i>), energycane (<i>Saccharum spp.</i>), and sugarcane (<i>Saccharum spp.</i>). The objectives in this study were to evaluate the role of fluctuating water tables on the morphology, physiology, and early season growth of these four genotypes. The candidate genotypes were grown in a greenhouse under three water table depths, defined by distance of the water table from the soil surface: two constant water tables (-16 cm and -40 cm) along with a flood cycle (2 weeks of flood to the soil level followed by 2 weeks at -40 cm from the soil level). The genotypes included CP 89-2143 (sugarcane), L 79-1002 (energycane), Merkeron (elephant grass), and wild type (giant reed). The experiment was repeated for plant cane, first ratoon, and successive plant cane crop cycles. Reductions in dry matter yield were observed among genotypes subjected to the -40 cm drained, periodically flooded (40F) water table relative to the -40 cm constant (40C) or -16 cm constant (16C). Plant cane dry weights were reduced by 37% in giant reed, 52% in elephant grass, 42% in energycane, and 34% in sugarcane in the 40F compared to 40C water table treatments. Similarly, in the first ratoon crop dry weights were reduced by 29% in giant reed, 42% in elephant grass, 27% in energycane, and 62% in sugarcane. In plant cane and successive plant cane, average total dry weight was greatest for elephant grass whereas ratoon total dry weight was greatest for energycane. Genotype had more pronounced effects on physiological attributes than water table including the highest stomatal conductance and SPAD values in giant reed, and the highest stalk populations in elephant grass and energycane. Aerenchyma presence and volume increased under higher water tables with elephant grass having the greatest aerenchyma production. Because of the high yields and stalk populations in energycane and elephant grass for all crop stages seen in this study, these two genotypes show potential for bioenergy production in the EAA, but field trials are recommended to confirm this.
- Published through SciTech Connect.
University of Florida Theses & Dissertation Collection UFE0045588:00001
Stephen Peter Jennewein.
Intelligentsia International, Inc., LaBelle, FL (United States)
- Funding Information:
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