CO<sub>2</sub> Capture by Cold Membrane Operation with Actual Power Plant Flue Gas [electronic resource].
- Washington, D.C. : United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Energy for Fossil Energy, 2017. and Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy
- Physical Description:
- 67 pages : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Energy for Fossil Energy and United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- Restrictions on Access:
- Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- The main objective of the project was to develop a post-combustion CO<sub>2</sub> capture process based on the hybrid cold temperature membrane operation. The CO<sub>2</sub> in the flue gas from coal fired power plant is pre-concentrated to >60% CO<sub>2</sub> in the first stage membrane operation followed by further liquefaction of permeate stream to achieve >99% CO<sub>2</sub> purity. The aim of the project was based on DOE program goal of 90% CO<sub>2</sub> capture with >95% CO<sub>2</sub> purity from Pulverized Coal (PC) fired power plants with $40/tonne of carbon capture cost by 2025. The project moves the technology from TRL 4 to TRL 5. The project involved optimization of Air Liquide commercial 12” PI-1 bundle to improve the bundle productivity by >30% compared to the previous baseline (DE-FE0004278) using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling and bundle testing with synthetic flue gas at 0.1 MWe bench scale skid located at Delaware Research and Technology Center (DRTC). In parallel, the next generation polyimide based novel PI-2 membrane was developed with 10 times CO<sub>2</sub> permeance compared to the commercial PI-1 membrane. The novel PI-2 membrane was scaled from mini-permeator to 1” permeator and 1” bundle for testing. Bundle development was conducted with a Development Spin Unit (DSU) installed at MEDAL. Air Liquide’s cold membrane technology was demonstrated with real coal fired flue gas at the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) with a 0.3 MWe field-test unit (FTU). The FTU was designed to incorporate testing of two PI-1 commercial membrane bundles (12” or 6” diameter) in parallel or series. A slip stream was sent to the next generation PI-2 membrane for testing with real flue gas. The system exceeded performance targets with stable PI-1 membrane operation for over 500 hours of single bundle, steady state testing. The 12” PI-1 bundle exceeded the productivity target by achieving ~600 Nm3/hr, where the target was set at ~455 Nm3/hr at 90% capture rate. The cost of 90% CO<sub>2</sub> capture from a 550 MWe net coal power plant was estimated between 40 and $45/tonne. A 6” PI-1 bundle exhibited superior bundle performance compared to the 12” PI-1 bundle. However, the carbon capture cost was not lower with the 6” PI-1 bundle due to the higher bundle installed cost. A 1” PI-1 bundle was tested to compare bundles with different length / diameter ratios. This bundle exhibited the lowest performance due to the different fiber winding pattern and increased bundle non-ideality. Several long-term and parametric tests were conducted with 3,200 hours of total run-time at NCCC. Finally, the new PI-2 membrane fiber was tested at a small scale (1” modules) in real flue gas and exhibited up to 10 times the CO<sub>2</sub> permeance and slightly lower CO<sub>2</sub>/N<sub>2</sub> selectivity as the commercial PI-1 fiber. This corresponded to a projected 4 - 5 times increase in the productivity per bundle and a potential cost reduction of $3/tonne for CO2 capture, as compared with PI-1. An analytical campaign was conducted to trace different impurities such as NOx, mercury, Arsenic, Selenium in gas and liquid samples through the carbon capture system. An Environmental, Health and Safety (EH&S) analysis was completed to estimate emissions from a 550 MWe net power plant with carbon capture using cold membrane. A preliminary design and cost analysis was completed for 550 tpd (~25 MWe) plant to assess the capital investment and carbon capture cost for PI-1 and PI-2 membrane solutions from coal fired flue gas. A comparison was made with an amine based solution with significant cost advantage for the membrane at this scale. Additional preliminary design and cost analysis was completed between coal, natural gas and SMR flue gas for carbon capture at 550 tpd (~25 MWe) plant.
- Published through SciTech Connect., 07/28/2017., "de--fe0013163", Trapti Chaubey; Sudhir Kulkarni; David Hasse; Alex Augustine., and American Air Liquide Inc., Houston, TX (United States)
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