Stability of peatland carbon to rising temperatures [electronic resource].
- Washington, D.C. : United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Science, 2016. and Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy
- Physical Description:
- Article numbers 13,723 : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory, United States. Department of Energy. Office of Science, and United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- Restrictions on Access:
- Free-to-read Unrestricted online access
- Peatlands contain one-third of soil carbon (C), mostly buried in deep, saturated anoxic zones (catotelm). The response of catotelm C to climate forcing is uncertain, because prior experiments have focused on surface warming. Here, we show that deep peat heating of a 2 m-thick peat column results in an exponential increase in CH<sub>4</sub> emissions. But, this response is due solely to surface processes and not degradation of catotelm peat. Incubations show that only the top 20–30 cm of peat from experimental plots have higher CH<sub>4</sub> production rates at elevated temperatures. Radiocarbon analyses demonstrate that CH<sub>4</sub> and CO<sub>2</sub> are produced primarily from decomposition of surface-derived modern photosynthate, not catotelm C. Furthermore, there are no differences in microbial abundances, dissolved organic matter concentrations or degradative enzyme activities among treatments. Our results suggest that although surface peat will respond to increasing temperature, the large reservoir of catotelm C is stable under current anoxic conditions.
- Published through SciTech Connect., 12/13/2016., "KP1702010", "ERKP788", Nature Communications 7 ISSN 2041-1723 AM, and R. M. Wilson; A. M. Hopple; M. M. Tfaily; S. D. Sebestyen; C. W. Schadt; L. Pfeifer-Meister; C. Medvedeff; K. J. McFarlane; J. E. Kostka; M. Kolton; R. K. Kolka; L. A. Kluber; J. K. Keller; T. P. Guilderson; N. A. Griffiths; J. P. Chanton; S. D. Bridgham; P. J. Hanson.
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