Mechanism of photocatalytic reduction of CO<sub>2</sub> by Re(bpy)(CO)<sub>3</sub>Cl from differences in carbon isotope discrimination [electronic resource].
- Washington, D.C. : United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Basic Energy Sciences, 2016.
Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy
- Physical Description:
- 5,473 - 5,481 : digital, PDF file
- Additional Creators:
- Brookhaven National Laboratory
United States. Department of Energy. Office of Basic Energy Sciences
United States. Department of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information
- The rhenium complex Re(bpy)(CO)<sub>3</sub>Cl (1, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) catalyzes CO<sub>2</sub> reduction to CO in mixtures containing triethanolamine (TEOA) as a sacrificial reductant. The mechanism of this reaction under photocatalytic conditions remains to be fully characterized. Here, we report the competitive carbon kinetic isotope effects (<sup>13</sup>C KIEs) on photocatalytic CO<sub>2</sub> reduction by 1 and analyze the results of experimental measurements by comparing with computed KIEs via density functional theory (DFT) calculations as a means of formulating a chemical mechanism and illustrating the utility of this approach. The <sup>13</sup>C KIEs, k(<sup>12</sup>C)/k(<sup>13</sup>C), in acetonitrile (ACN) and dimethylformamide (DMF) were determined to be 1.0718 ± 0.0036 and 1.0685 ± 0.0075, respectively. When [Ru(bpy)<sub>3</sub>]Cl<sub>2</sub> is added to the reaction mixture in acetonitrile as a photosensitizer, the reduction of CO<sub>2</sub> exhibited a <sup>13</sup>C KIE = 1.0703 ± 0.0043. These values are consistent with the calculated isotope effect of CO<sub>2</sub> binding to the one-electron reduced [ReI(bpy•<sup>–</sup>)(CO)<sub>3</sub>] species. The findings reported here provide strong evidence that the reactions in the two different solvents have the same first irreversible step and proceed with similar reactive intermediates upon reduction. Theoretically, we found that the major contribution for the large <sup>13</sup>C isotope effects comes from a dominant zero-point energy (ZPE) term. Lastly, these results lay the groundwork for combined experimental and theoretical approaches for analysis of competitive isotope effects toward understanding CO<sub>2</sub> reduction catalyzed by other complexes.
- Published through SciTech Connect.
ACS Catalysis 6 8 ISSN 2155-5435 AM
Taylor W. Schneider; Mehmed Z. Ertem; James T. Muckerman; Alfredo M. Angeles-Boza.
- Funding Information:
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