Sumatra: Original Letters from Sir Stamford Raffles to the Secretary, East India Company, 28 Dec 1819 to 12 Dec 1821 : Correspondence 1819/12/28-1821/12/12.
- Marlborough, Wiltshire : Adam Matthew Digital, 2018.
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource
- Additional Creators:
- Adam Matthew Digital (Firm)
- Description: IOR/G/35: Factory Records: Sumatra, 1705-1818. Early papers, 1615-1616; copies of letters sent from Fort York, 1685-1686; Fort Marlborough public consultations, 1705-1818. 164 volumes.Origin: Sumatra was visited by ships of the first Company voyage. Captain Lancaster reached Achin in 1602 and obtained permission to trade there. A factory was established in 1615, and at around the same time others were established at Tiku, Priaman and Jambi. Pepper was the main purchase at these ports. A factory was later set up at Indragahiri but was closed in 1622. In 1649 trade was opened at Padang and Indrapore. From the beginning, trade in the region was constantly opposed by the Dutch, and the English factories were gradually withdrawn. When the English were finally driven out of Bantam, a fortified settlement was established at Bencoolen in 1687 on Sumatra's south-west coast. It was known as Fort York, and from 1714 as Fort Marlborough. The factory was made subordinate to Fort St George. In 1785 Fort Marlborough and its dependent settlements were made subordinate to the Government of Bengal. In 1824 all British possessions on Sumatra were ceded to the Dutch in return for Malacca and its dependencies.Related Resources Java, Fort St George, Surat and Miscellaneous Factory Records (IOR/G/2, G/19, G/36 and G/40); Bengal Proceedings (IOR/P); Home Miscellaneous (IOR/H).
- IOR/G: East India Company Factory Records (1608-1858). A 'factory' was a trading post where a number of merchants, or factors, resided. When company ships arrived at the factories, ships' merchants were thus enabled to exchange goods for trading immediately instead of having to wait to make deals with local merchants. Factories were run by a chief factor and a council of factors. The 'Factory Records' is an artificially-created sub-fonds; the records of individual Company factories consist mainly of consultations (records of administrative decisions and of correspondence), diaries (records of daily activities), letters received, copies of letters sent and collections of papers on particular subjects. and AMDigital Reference: IOR/G/35/50.
- Original Version:
- Reproduction of: Sumatra: Original Letters from Sir Stamford Raffles to the Secretary, East India Company, 28 Dec 1819 to 12 Dec 1821 28 Dec 1819 - 12 Dec 1821.
- Location of Originals:
- The British Library
- Copyright Note:
- The British Library Board
View MARC record | catkey: 24148732