Photographs of the De Zavala monument : Photograph
- Marlborough, Wiltshire : Adam Matthew Digital, 2017.
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource
- Additional Creators:
- Adam Matthew Digital (Firm)
- Description: Two photographs of the Lorenzo De Zavala monument at the De Zavala cemetery and one unidentified negative.
- The Lorenzo de Zavala papers are divided into two distinct groups, one containing materials contemporary to Lorenzo de Zavala, the other produced after his death and concerning not only Zavala but other members of the family as well. The correspondence in this collection (2 folders) consists of a smaller number of letters by Zavala to many of the most important and famous men of the independence movement in Mexico, and a larger number of letters to him. Letters by Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and José Antonio Mexía, a Cuban native who became prominent in early Mexican public life, represent the bulk of those present in the collection. The most conspicuous feature of the collection is the fragmentary nature of the correspondence and its limited time span, 1827 to 1836. Other materials contained in the first group consist of birth and marriage certificates, correspondence concerning Zavala's attempt to acquire an empresario grant in Texas and other documents concerning deeds of land in Bexar and Nacogdoches. Among noteworthy items are an offering to settle 200 Polish families on the Zavala grant in northeast Texas and an invitation to a meeting of the Trinoophes, a French secret order. The latter document is corroborative evidence of Zavala's involvement in international masonry. Lastly, there is an example of Zavala's talents as a writer: two handwritten copies of an article on Mayan ruins in Yucatan are present, one in English, the other in French. The second group of papers consists of biographical material relating to the Zavala family. The bulk of this group is composed of biographical sketches and notes on Lorenzo de Zavala, some possibly produced by Adina De Zavala. Lorenzo de Zavala, Jr. is also represented but to a much lesser degree. Letters with references to the two Lorenzos, newspaper clippings and excerpts and a decree of the Yucatan legislature honouring Lorenzo de Zavala, along with various notes on De Zavala artefacts and the family cemetery fill out the remainder of the collection. Lorenzo de Zavala (1788-1836), statesman, soldier, Texas land empresario, writer, editor and physician, was born in Yucatan of an established Creole family. In Merida he received a liberal primary and secondary education, but pursuit of a higher degree was made impossible by his financial situation and he joined in local commercial activity. He married Josefa Correa y Correa by whom he had three children. His early interest in public education and politics led to a post with the municipal government in 1812. In 1813 he began his long association with the press by publishing his first newspaper. Arrested during the purge of liberals following the restoration of Ferdinand VII, he used his three year imprisonment to learn English and study medicine, to the practice of which he devoted himself after his release in 1817. By 1820 he was again involved in politics and was elected a deputy to the Spanish Cortes. While in Spain he received news of Mexico's break with the mother country and returned in time to take part in the Constituent Congress of 1822. Zavala remained in the national legislature until 1827 when he was elected governor of the state of Mexico. The election of his political ally, Vicente Guerrero in 1829, brought Zavala the opportunity to serve in the executive. He held the post of minister of finance from April until October, 1829, when he was forced to retire due to political pressures. The Centralist revolution which gripped the country at the end of the year resulted in Zavala's self-imposed exile to the United States and Europe between 1830 and 1832. During this sojourn he wrote his two-volume Ensayo historico de las revoluciones de Mexico and married his second wife, Emilia West. With the political and military tide turned once again in favor of the liberals, Zavala returned to Mexico in late 1832, and again took up the post of governor of the state of Mexico. Yucatan elected him deputy to the new Congress in 1833, but after only two months in Congress he received an appointment as ambassador to France. Santa Anna's declaration against Federalism and in support of the clerical-military alliance resulted in Zavala's resignation and decision to withdraw from national politics in favor of settling on his land grant in Texas. On his arrival in Texas, he became involved first in its revolt against the Mexican government, and later in its independence movement. He served for a brief time as vice-president of the new Republic of Texas before poor health brought on his retirement. He died shortly thereafter. Lorenzo de Zavala was one of Mexico's leading liberals. His concerns ran from reform of public finances and government administration to the establishment of a public education system and library for the state of Mexico. He began a land reform program in that state which included improvements such as irrigation and redistribution of large estates. He was an exponent of colonization by people of merit, regardless of origin, and an opponent of arbitrary government actions such as the expulsion of Spaniards from Mexico. Perhaps his most cherished belief was one in a federalist system in which local government could counterbalance the pull of Mexico City. It was his aversion to centralized government that finally determined his break with the nation he helped establish and his espousal of the cause of Texas., Date span of material: n.d., and AMDigital Reference: 3Y27.
- Original Version:
- Reproduction of: Photographs of the De Zavala monument Date unknown.
- Location of Originals:
- Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
- Copyright Note:
- Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
View MARC record | catkey: 24158069