John of Plano Carpini [electronic resource].
- Giovanni, da Pian del Carpine, Archbishop of Antivari, -1252
- Uniform Title:
- Historia Mongolorum
- Marlborough, England : Adam Matthew Digital, 
- Physical Description:
- 21 items : illustrations, maps
- Additional Creators:
- British Library
Bibliothèque-médiathèque de la ville de Metz
Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Adam Matthew Digital (Firm)
- Medieval travel writing
- Language Note:
- Mss. in the original Latin version or Middle French; printed versions in Latin and English or French, with commentaries.
- A native of Umbria, Carpini served the Franciscan order in Saxony, Cologne and Spain for much of his life. At an age close to 65 he was selected by Pope Innocent IV to head his first formal mission to the Mongols. He set out from Lyon in April 1245. His route took him via Kiev and Kanev to the camp of Batu, the supreme Mongol commander, on the western frontiers of the Mongol Empire, which he reached in April 1246. Batu ordered the mission to proceed onwards to the court of the supreme Khan in Mongolia. Travelling north of the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea, through many Muslim cities, Carpini arrived at Sira Orda, near Karakorum in July 1246 to witness the formal election of the new imperial authority, Güyük, eldest son of Ögedei Khan. The great Khan Güyük refused the invitation to become a Christian and demanded that the Pope and rulers of Europe should come to him to swear allegiance. He gave Carpini a letter to take back to the Pope. In November the mission started on the long journey home, reaching Kiev in June 1247, and then completing the final leg to make a full report to the Pope at Lyon. Carpini wrote a detailed account of his papal mission to Mongolia, 1245-1247. There are five versions, of which the 'second version' is the most important. The 'variant recensions' were composed by authors other than Carpini. Benedict the Pole, Carpini's companion wrote an independent narrative of their journey. Carpini was rewarded for his efforts with the Archbishopric of Antivari in Dalmatia and was sent as a legate to Louis IX. The resilient old man continued in these duties for a full five years after the hardships of his journey.
- Giovanni, da Pian del Carpine, Archbishop of Antivari, -1252. Historia Mongolorum
- Giovanni, da Pian del Carpine, Archbishop of Antivari, -1252—Travel—Russia (Federation)
- Giovanni, da Pian del Carpine, Archbishop of Antivari, -1252—Travel—Mongolia
- Giovanni, da Pian del Carpine, Archbishop of Antivari, -1252—Travel—Kazakhstan
- Innocent IV, Pope, approximately 1200-1254
- Louis IX, King of France, 1214-1270
- Catholic Church—Foreign relations—Early works to 1800
- Papal legates—Travel—Russia (Federation)—Early works to 1800
- Papal legates—Travel—Mongolia—Early works to 1800
- Papal legates—Travel—Kazakhstan—Early works to 1800
- Mongols—Kings and rulers—Early works to 1800
- Travel, Medieval
- Travelers' writings
- Russia (Federation)—Description and travel—Early works to 1800
- Mongolia—Description and travel—Early works to 1800
- Kazakhstan—Description and travel—Early works to 1800
- Title from Traveller page (viewed on 6 Aug. 2008)
Electronic reproduction of mss. held at: the British Library, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Bodleian Library, Bibliothèque/médiathèque de Metz, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University; and printed works from the British Library.
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references.
- Location of Originals:
- British Library
Bibliothèque-médiathèque de Metz
Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University
View MARC record | catkey: 24172653