Foundations of American education : becoming effective teachers in challenging times / James A. Johnson (Professor Emeritus, Northern Illinois University), Diann Musial (Distinguished Teaching Professor Emerita, Northern Illinois University, Field Coordinator for Education, Great Basin College), Gene E. Hall (Professor, Educational Leadership, University of Nevada, Las Vegas), Donna M. Gollnick (Dean of Faculty, TEACH-NOW).
- Machine generated contents note: 1.Teaching in a Challenging World -- Education in the News: Heroes Every One -- Today's Teachers -- The Importance of Teachers to Society -- The Public View of Teachers and Schools -- Differing Perspectives: Should Parents Have a Say in Picking Their Child's Teacher? -- Who Teaches in These Challenging Times? -- Teacher Supply and Demand -- Teaching as a Profession -- Professional Responsibilities -- Professional Knowledge -- Professional Skills -- Perspectives on Diversity: Understanding and Working with Students from Diverse Backgrounds -- Quality Assurance -- Accreditation -- Licensure -- Advanced Certification -- Standards -- Teaching in Challenging Times: Standardized Tests -- Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) -- Improving by Reflecting -- Systematic Observation -- Informal Note-Taking -- Analysis of Practice and Reflection -- Reflective Journaling -- Folio/Portfolio Development -- Beginning and Developing Your Career -- Becoming Licensed -- Searching for a Teaching Position -- Education Salaries in a Changing World -- Retirement Benefits -- Working Conditions -- Improving Through Experience -- Developing as a Teacher -- The Challenges of Becoming a Great Educator -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 2.The Early History of Education in a Changing World -- Education in the News: Teaching Patriotism-with Conviction -- The Evolution of Schooling (To 476 CE) -- Non-Western Education -- Western Education -- Education in the Middle Ages (476-1300) -- The Dark Ages (400-1000) -- The Revival of Learning -- Education in Transition (1300-1700) -- The Renaissance -- The Reformation -- Educational Awakening (1700) -- The Age of Reason -- Morality and Education -- The Emergence of Common Man -- Differing Perspectives: Is "Abstinence-Only" the Best Sex Education Policy for Schools to Implement? -- Evolving Perspectives of Education in Our Rapidly Developing Nation -- Colonial Education -- Perspectives on Diversity: Religious Perspectives in the Classroom -- The Need for Secondary Schools -- The Evolution of Teaching Materials -- Using Technology to Help Understand History -- Meager Early Education for Diverse Populations -- Education of African Americans -- Education of Asian Americans -- Education of Hispanic Americans -- Education of Women -- Private Education in America -- The Right of Private Schools to Exist -- Parochial Schools -- Learning from Educational History -- Keeping Up on Historical and Current Research -- Teaching in Challenging Times: How Can the Busy Teacher Keep Up with Historical and Contemporary Research? -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 3.Historical Perspectives of Education -- Education in the News: History of the Federal Role it Education -- More Students and Bigger Schools -- Enrollment Growth -- Need for More Schools -- Need for More Teachers -- School District Consolidation -- Growth of Busing -- Bigger School Budgets -- Rapid Curricular Growth and Changes -- Growth of Special Education Programs -- More Changes, Challenges, and Perspectives -- Increasing Federal Involvement -- The Professionalization of Teaching -- Perspectives on Diversity: Testing Students -- Continued Importance of Private Schools -- Home Schooling -- Continuing/Adult Education -- Evolution of Educational Testing -- Changing Aims of Education -- Committee of Ten -- Seven Cardinal Principles -- The Eight-Year Study -- "Purposes of Education in American Democracy" -- "Education for All American Youth" -- "Imperative Needs of Youth" -- Differing Perspectives: Is Teaching Manners a Good Use of Classroom Time? -- Preparation of Teachers -- European Beginnings of Teacher Training -- Colonial Teachers -- Teachers as Indentured Servants -- Teaching Apprenticeships -- Teacher Training in Academies -- Normal Schools -- State Teachers' Colleges -- Changes in Mid-Twentieth-Century Teacher Education -- Recent Trends in Education -- New Emphases in Education -- Teaching in Challenging Times: Can a Knowledge of History Help to Improve Multicultural Education? -- Educational Critics -- Some Major Educational Events of the Past Century -- Looking Back to Help Us Look Ahead! -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 4.Philosophy: Reflections on the Essence of Education -- Education in the News: UK Parents Worry Social Media Hinders Kids' Moral Development -- Structure and Methodology of Philosophy -- The Branches of Philosophy -- Teaching in Challenging Times: Teaching Morals and Values in Public School -- Thinking as a Philosopher -- Technology and Philosophy -- The Teacher as Philosopher -- Schools of Philosophy and Their Influence on Education -- Idealism -- Realism -- Pragmatism -- Existentialism -- Differing Perspectives: Should Teachers Wear Business Attire to School? -- The Dynamic Relationship of Philosophy and Education -- Eastern and Native North American Ways of Knowing -- Eastern Ways of Knowing -- Perspectives on Diversity: Curriculum and Eastern Ways of Knowing -- Matching Ideas from Eastern and Native North American Ways of Knowing to Your Own -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 5.Building an Educational Philosophy in a Changing World -- Education in the News: Girl Who Fought Bullies Now Labeled One by School Umatilla -- The Dynamic Relationship Between Philosophy and Education -- Developing a Philosophy of Education -- Building on the Philosophies of Others -- Teacher-Centered Educational Philosophies -- Essentialism -- Behaviorism -- Positivism -- Teaching in Challenging Times: Adjusting the Attitude of Learners -- Student-Centered Educational Philosophies -- Progressivism -- Humanism -- Constructivism -- Developing Your Own Philosophy of Education -- What Does an Educational Philosophy Look Like? -- Learning Focus and Goals -- Classroom Organization -- Motivation -- Classroom Management and Discipline -- Classroom Climate -- Perspectives on Diversity: Classroom Management -- Personal Teaching and Learning Vision -- Your Philosophy of Education Beyond the Classroom -- Teachers as Change Agents -- Differing Perspectives: Should Teachers Express Their Views on Controversial Topics in Class? -- Teachers as Leaders -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 6.The Place of Schools in Society -- Education in the News: In Our Opinion: Growth of Charter Schools Is Positive Sign for Education -- Purposes of Schools -- Academic Achievement -- Workforce Readiness -- Citizenship -- Social Development -- Cultural Transmission -- The Role of Culture in Schools -- Dominant Culture -- Cultures of Families -- Cultural Values -- Differing Perspectives: Should Teachers Be Required to Take Diversity Training? -- Culture of Schools -- School Choices -- Public Schools -- Private Schools -- Home Schooling -- Innovative Options -- Grade Configuration in Schools -- Early Childhood Education -- Teaching in Challenging Times: What has Happened to Play? -- Elementary Schools -- Middle Level Education -- High Schools -- The Sense of Place: School Locations -- Rural Communities -- Suburban Communities -- Urban Communities -- Perspectives on Diversity: Make Me Learn -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 7.Diversity in Society and Schools -- Education in the News: Diversity Challenges Many Area Teachers -- Race and Ethnicity -- Race -- Ethnicity -- Immigration -- Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Education -- Socioeconomic Status -- Social Stratification -- Class Structure -- Poverty -- Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement -- Language -- Language Diversity -- Dialect Diversity -- Education for Language Diversity -- Gender -- Differing Perspectives: Should All Students Be Bilingual? -- Differences Between Females and Males -- Gender Equity in Education -- Title IX -- Sexual Orientation -- Sexual Identity -- Supporting LGBTQ Students -- Exceptionalities -- Inclusion -- Teaching in Challenging Times: Inclusion of Students with Disabilities -- Disproportionate Placements -- Response to Intervention -- Religion -- Religious Identity -- Religion in Schools -- Multicultural Education -- Incorporating Diversity -- Perspectives on Diversity: Teaching about Thanksgiving -- Ensuring Equality -- Teaching for Social Justice -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 8.Students and Their Families -- Education in the News: Will Coffee Make a Difference? -- Today's Families -- Teaching in Challenging Times: Family Diversity -- Parenting -- Economic Stress -- Children Left Alone After School -- Dangers Children and Youth Face -- Child Abuse -- Sexual Harassment in Schools -- Bullying in Schools -- Suicide -- Challenges of the Teen Years -- Sexuality and Pregnancy -- Substance Abuse -- Economic Realities -- Equity in Schools -- Prejudice -- The Impact of Discrimination -- Differing Perspectives: Should Out-of-School Student Suspensions Be Limited? -- Racism -- Engagement in School -- Leaving School Early -- Resiliency -- Perspectives on Diversity: Why Bother? -- Access to Technology -- Parent Involvement -- Communicating with Families -- Engaging Families -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 9.Organizing and Paying for Education -- Education in the News: City Schools' Staffing to Get Needed Independent Review -- School Districts: Organization and Finances -- School District Organization -- School District Expenditures -- The Organization of Schools -- The School Organization Chart -- Innovations in School Organization -- and Contents note continued: Differing Perspectives: Should the School Day Be Lengthened? -- Organization of Education at the State Level -- State Board of Education -- Chief State School Officer -- State Department of Education -- State Legislature -- Governor -- Paying for Schools -- Key Finance Questions -- System of Taxation and Support for Schools -- State Sources of Revenue -- State Differences in the Funding of Education -- Perspectives on Diversity: International Comparisons: Expenditures per Student as an Indicator -- Continuing Challenges to School Finance Within the States -- Entrepreneurial Efforts to Fund Education -- State Aid -- The Federal Government's Role in Education -- Leadership -- The U.S. Department of Education -- Educational Programs Operated by the Federal Government -- The Major Federal Education Policy (ESEA-NCLB and now ESSA) -- Teaching in Challenging Times: Should Teachers' Evaluation Rankings Be Made Public? -- Federal Aid -- Technology for School Administration -- Technology for School District Administration -- Politics and Accountability in Education -- Politics: Neither Positive nor Negative -- Politics Across the Education System -- School Politics -- Accountability -- Teacher Accountability -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 10.Legal Perspectives on Education -- Education In The News: Paterson Teacher Suspended for Facebook Post Should Be Fired, Judge Rules -- Legal Aspects of Education -- Legal Provisions for Education: The U.S. Constitution -- Church and State -- Segregation and Desegregation -- Equal Opportunity -- Opportunities for Students with Disabilities -- Teachers' Rights and Responsibilities -- Conditions of Employment -- Right to Bargain Collectively -- Academic Freedom -- Teacher Responsibilities and Liabilities -- Uses of Social Media and the Law -- E-mail and Texting -- Social Networking Risks -- Cheating With Technology -- Differing Perspectives: Should Students Be Prosecuted as Sex Offenders for Sexting? -- Students' Rights and Responsibilities -- Students' Rights as Citizens -- Perspectives on Diversity: What If Your Student's Mother Is Undocumented? -- Students' Rights and Responsibilities in School -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 11.Standards, Assessment, and Accountability -- Education In The News: Specification of Learning Outcomes, Testing, Accountability and Cheating -- Education Standards -- Conceptions of Standards for Student Learning -- Federal Role in Standards: A Historical Review -- The Future of Standards-Based Education -- Assessing Student Learning -- What Is Assessment? -- Purposes of Assessment -- Types of Assessment Measures -- Perspectives on Diversity: Using Assessments for Learning -- Increasing the Credibility of Measures -- Teaching in Challenging Times: Leading the Development of Performance Assessments -- Professional Aspects of Good Assessments -- Assessing the Performance of Teachers -- Teacher Uses of Assessment Evidence -- Assessments as the Basis for Accountability -- Sources and Uses of Data for Accountability -- Using Technology to Track Student Learning -- International Comparisons -- Testing Challenges -- Differing Perspectives: Does Prepping for High-Stakes Tests Interfere with Teaching? -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 12.Designing Programs for Learners in Challenging Times: Curriculum and Instruction -- Education In The News: Oklahoma Educators Quash Attempt to Ban AP U.S. History -- What Is Curriculum and How Does It Develop? -- The Many Influences on Curriculum -- Developing Curriculum -- Curriculum Designs -- Curriculum Resources -- Selection, Management, and Evaluation of Curriculum -- Local Schools' Role in Managing and Assessing the Curriculum -- Looking at Data from Local Assessments -- Instruction: The Teaching Side of Curriculum -- Instructional Objectives for Student Learning -- Types of Instructional Objectives -- Teaching Strategies -- Differing Perspectives: Should We Abolish Homework? -- Increased Emphasis on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Instruction -- Self-Regulated Learning Strategies -- Organizing Students to Maximize Learning -- Teaching in Challenging Times: Should I Use Homogeneous or Heterogeneous Ability Grouping? -- Use of Technology to Enhance Instruction -- Interactive Whiteboard Technology -- Matching Instruction to Learners' Needs -- Differentiated Instruction -- Teaching Strategies for English Language Learners and Students with Disabilities -- Perspectives on Diversity: This Is Science Class, Not Language Arts -- Monitoring Progress Through Data-Driven Instruction -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions -- 13.Becoming an Effective Teacher in a Challenging World -- Education In The News: A Very Useful Resource -- Accountability and Education Reform: Implications for Teachers -- Reflecting on the Overall Pattern of Federal Reform Strategies -- Recent Trends in Accountability for Education -- National Trends and Reform Movements -- Continuing Pressures From Policy Makers to Reform Schools -- Each New President Has a New Agenda for Education -- Findings from Education Research and Development: Another Pressure for Changes in Teaching and Schools -- High-Quality Schools Make a Difference in the Learning of All Students, Teachers, and School Leaders -- Characteristics of High-Quality Schools -- School Improvement Process -- Effective Principals -- Checking a School for Indicators of High Quality -- Indicators of High-Quality Teachers are Based on Evidence of Student Learning -- Evidence of Effective Teaching -- Effective Teaching and Classroom Management -- High-Quality Teachers Have Three General Types of Knowledge -- High-Quality Teachers Constantly Change and Improve -- Teachers Have Different Kinds of Concerns About Change -- Perspectives on Diversity: Parent-Teacher Conference -- What Are Your Concerns About Becoming a Teacher? -- Teaching in Challenging Times: Keeping Up With All That Is Required -- Technology is an Important Resource for Teaching and Learning -- Differing Perspectives: Should Technology Be Used in Every Classroom? -- Resources and Supports for Beginning Teachers -- Another Important Source of Support: Teacher Unions -- Another Important Source of Support: Professional Associations -- A Concluding Word of Support From Your Authors -- Summary -- Discussion Starters -- School-Based Observations -- Portfolio Development -- Web Solutions.
- 9780134479415, 0134479416, 9780134481098 (loose-leaf), 0134481097 (loose-leaf), 0134894995, and 9780134894997
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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