Revolution : structure and meaning in world history / Saïd Amir Arjomand
- Arjomand, Said Amir
- Chicago : The University of Chicago Press, 2019.
- Physical Description:
- xi, 394 pages ; 24 cm
- Introduction: revolution in comparative and historical sociology -- The Akkadian constitutive revolution and the establishment of universal monarch in Mesopotamia -- The Athenian constitutive revolution and subsequent revolutions of ancient Greece -- Revolution in the Roman Republic -- Revolution in the Roman Principate and its transformation into imperial constitutional autocracy -- The last Roman integrative revolution -- Rise of the Sasanian empire: a feudal integrative revolution in late antiquity -- Rise of Islam: the constitutive revolution of late antiquity -- Islam's integrative social revolution -- The papal revolution and its export: the Crusades -- The Mongolian integrative revolution in eurasia -- Conclusion: world-historical and theoretical significance of premodern revolutions -- Epilogue: revolutions of the last hundred years in the light of my typology -- Conclusion.
- A revolution is a discontinuity: one political order replaces another, typically through whatever violent means are available. Modern theories of revolutions tend neatly to bracket the French Revolution of 1789 with the fall of the Soviet Union two hundred years later, but contemporary global uprisings-with their truly multivalent causes and consequences-can overwhelm our ability to make sense of them. In this authoritative new book, Said Amir Arjomand reaches back to antiquity to propose a unified theory of revolution. Revolution illuminates the stories of premodern rebellions from the ancient world, as well as medieval European revolts and more recent events, up to the Arab Spring of 2011. Arjomand categorizes revolutions in two groups: ones that expand the existing body politic and power structure, and ones that aim to erode-but paradoxically augment-their authority. The revolutions of the past, he tells us, can shed light on the causes of those of the present and future: as long as centralized states remain powerful, there will be room for greater, and perhaps forceful, integration of the politically disenfranchised.
- 9780226026831 hardcover alkaline paper and 0226026833 hardcover alkaline paper
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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