Biogeochemical cycles and climate / Han Dolman
- Dolman, A. J.
- Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2019.
- First edition.
- Physical Description:
- x, 251 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (chiefly color) ; 25 cm
- 1 Introduction : Biogeochemical cycles, rates and magnitudes -- The geological cycle -- The carbon cycle -- Feedbacks and steady states -- The greenhouse effect and the availability of water -- The rise of oxygen -- Non-linearity. 2 Climate variability, climate change and earth system sensitivity : Earth system sensitivity -- Geological-scale variability -- Glacial-interglacial variability -- Centennial-scale variability -- Earth system variability. 3 Biogeochemistry and climate: the tools : Climate and biogeochemical observations and proxies -- Physical climate observations -- climate records -- Measuring the composition of the atmosphere -- Isotopes -- Ice cores -- Ocean sediments -- Earth system modelling -- Inverse modelling. 4 The physics of radiation : Radiation first principles -- Scattering, absorption and emission -- Two-layer radiation models -- The greenhouse gas effect. 5 Aerosols and climate : Aerosols and climate --Sources and distribution of aerosols -- Aerosol-climate interaction -- Aerosol-radiation interaction -- Aerosol-cloud interaction -- Aerosol-surface interactions -- Dust in the glacial-interglacial records. 6 Physics and dynamics of the atmosphere : The atmosphere as a heat engine -- Basic atmospheric thermodynamics -- The tropospheric lapse rate and potential temperature -- Moisture in the atmosphere -- The equations of motion -- The thermal wind equation -- Weather systems and global climate. 7 Physics and dynamics of the oceans : Earth's oceans -- Density, salinity and temperature -- Ekman flow -- Geostrophic flow int he ocean -- The ocean circulation -- Ocean and climate. 8 The hydrological cycle and climate : The global water cycle -- Water vapour, lapse rate and cloud feedback -- Transport of atmospheric moisture -- Precipitation -- Runoff and river discharge -- Evaporation -- Recycling of moisture -- Frozen water. 9 The carbon cycle : Carbon dioxide variability at geological timescales -- The ocean carbonate system -- The biological carbon pump -- Ocean-air fluxes -- Ocean carbon stocks -- Terrestrial carbon -- Terrestrial carbon stocks -- Mean residence time of carbon on land -- Geological carbon cycle -- The Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum -- Carbon cycle in glacial-interglacial cycles -- The modern anthropogenic perturbation -- The future carbon cycle. 10 Methane cycling and climate : Methane -- The terrestrial methane budget -- Decomposition -- Methane sources -- Methane in the geological perspective: the faint sun paradox -- Methane in glacial cycles -- The anthropogenic perturbation -- Future methane emissions. 11 The nitrogen cycle and climate : The nitrogen cycle -- Human intervention: the Haber-Bosch process -- Atmospheric nitrogen -- Terrestrial nitrogen cycle -- Nitrous oxide -- Nitrogen stimulation of plant growth -- Oceanic nitrogen cycle -- Nitrous oxide from oceans -- The nitrogen cycle in geological times -- Nitrogen in glacial-interglacial cycles. 12 Phosphorus, sulphur, iron, oxygen and climate : Phosphorus, sulphur, iron and oxygen -- The phosphorus cycle -- Terrestrial phosphorus -- phosphorus at geological timescales -- The iron cycle -- The sulphur cycle -- Iron, sulphur and oxygen in the geological past -- Oxygen in the Pleistocene and the modern world -- oxygen in the modern ocean. 13 The future of climate change: adaptation, mitigation, geoengineering and decarbonization : Mitigation, adaptation, geoengineering -- Planetary boundaries and adaptation -- carbon cycle -- Ocean acidification -- mitigation and negative emissions -- Geoengineering -- Decarbonization of society. 14 Reflections on the anthropocene. References -- Index.
- Changing concentrations of greenhouse gasses are key to our changing climate. Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate examines the interaction of the main biogeochemical cycles of the earth with the physics of climate from the perspective of the earth as an integrated system. Biogeochemical cycles play a fundamental role in the Earth's system - they describe the movement of matter and transfer of energy around the planet. This text aims to answer some fundamental questions. How have the cycles of key nutrients, such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and water changed, both in the geological past and more recently through the impact of humans on the Earth System? How do these cycles interact with each other and affect the physical properties of climate? How can we use this knowledge to mitigate some of the impacts of changing biogeochemistry on climate, and the Earth's habitability and resilience? Understanding the complex interactions of biogeochemistry with the Earth's climate is crucial for understanding past and current changes in climate and above all, for the future sustainable management of our planet.
- 0198779305 hardback
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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