Embracing the other : philosophical, psychological, and historical perspectives on altruism / edited by Pearl M. Oliner, Samuel P. Oliner, Lawrence Baron, Lawrence A. Blum, Dennis L. Krebs, and M. Zuzanna Smolenska
- New York : New York University Press, 
- Copyright Date:
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource (xiii, 460 pages)
- Additional Creators:
- Oliner, Pearl M., Oliner, Samuel P., Baron, Lawrence, Blum, Lawrence A., Krebs, Dennis, and Smoleńska, Zuzanna
- Restrictions on Access:
- Open Access Unrestricted online access
- Preface and introduction -- Philosophical, definitional, and conceptual issues -- Sociobiology and moral altruism -- The development and enactment of altruism -- Embracing the "outsider" -- Promoting altruistic bonds. and PART ONE: PREFACE AND INTRODUCTION : Preface -- Introduction -- PART TWO: PHILOSOPHICAL, DEFINITIONAL, AND CONCEPTUAL ISSUES : Introduction -- 1. Empathy and protest: Two roots of heroic altruism -- 2. Altruism and the moral value of rescue: Resisting persecution, racism, and genocide -- 3. Rescue, righteousness, and morality -- PART THREE: SOCIOBIOLOGY AND MORAL ALTRUISM : Introduction -- 4. Altruism and human nature: Resolving the evolutionary paradox -- 5. Altruism and the evolution of civil society -- PART FOUR: THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENACTMENT OF ALTRUISM : Introduction -- 6. The development of altruistic personality -- 7. The self in moral agency: Toward a theoretical model of the ideal altruistic personality -- 8. Self, we, and other(s): Schemata, distinctiveness, and altruism -- 9. Motivations of people who helped Jews survive the Nazi occupation -- 10. Predicting prosocial commitment in different social contexts -- 11. Helping in late life -- PART FIVE: EMBRACING THE "OUTSIDER" : Introduction -- 12. The question of altruism during the Armenian genocide of 1915 -- 13. The Dutchness of Dutch rescuers: The national dimension of altruism -- 14. The role of Polish nuns in the rescue of Jews, 1939-1945 -- 15. Political altruism: A case study -- PART SIX: PROMOTING ALTRUISTIC BONDS : Introduction -- 16. Promoting extensive altruitic bonds: A conceptual elaboration and some pragmatic implications -- 17. The origins of caring, helping, and nonaggression: Parental socialization, the family system, schools, and cultural influence -- 18. Altruism among alcoholics -- 19. Altruism and extensivity in the Baha'i religion -- 20. Altruism in the socialist world.
- All but buried for most of the twentieth century, the concept of altruism has re-emerged in this last quarter as a focus of intense scholarly inquiry and general public interest. In the wake of increased consciousness of the human potential for destructiveness, both scholars and the general public are seeking interventions which will not only inhibit the process, but may in fact chart a new creative path toward a global community. Largely initiated by a group of pioneering social psychologists, early questions on altruism centered on its motivation and development primarily in the context of contrived laboratory experiments. Although publications on the topic have been considerable over the last several years, and now represent the work of representatives from many disciplines of inquiry, this volume is distinguished from others in several ways. Embracing the Other emerged primarily as a response to recent research on an extraordinary manifestation of real-life altruism, namely to recent studies of non-Jewish rescuers of Jews during World War II. It is the work of a multi-disciplinary and international group of scholars, including philosophers, social psychologists, historians, sociologists, and educators, challenging several prevailing conceptual definitions and motivational sources of altruism. The book combines both new empirical and historical research as well as theoretical and philosophical approaches and includes a lengthy section addressing the practical implications of current thinking on altruism for society at large. The result is a multi-textured work, addressing critical issues in varied disciplines, while centered on shared themes.
- 9780814762622 (electronic bk.), 081476262X (electronic bk.), 0814761755 (hard ; alk. paper), 9780814761908, 0814761909, and 9780814761755
- Digital File Characteristics:
- data file
- Form of work:
- Papers presented at the conference, Theoretical and social implications of rescuing people in extreme situations: another look at altruism, held in Radziejowice, Poland, in June 1989.
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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