Reducing the cultivation of opium poppies in southern Afghanistan / Victoria A. Greenfield, Keith Crane, Craig A. Bond, Nathan Chandler, Jill E. Luoto, Olga Oliker
- Greenfield, Victoria A., 1964-
- Santa Monica, Calif. : Rand Corporation, 
- Copyright Date:
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource (xxxi, 233 pages) : color map, color charts
- Additional Creators:
- Crane, Keith, 1953-, Bond, Craig A., Chandler, Nathan, Luoto, Jill, Oliker, Olga, Rand Corporation. National Security Research Division, and Rand Corporation
- Research report ; RR-1075-DOS
- Restrictions on Access:
- Open Access Unrestricted online access
- Preface -- Figures -- Tables -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Chapter 1: Introduction -- Chapter 2: Household-level conditions and dynamics -- Chapter 3: Effects of Socio-Economic and other enviornmental conditions on opium poppy production -- Chapter 4: Rural development programs in Afghanistan -- Chapter 5: Programs with crop-eradication features -- Chapter 6: Policy and programmic guidance -- Appendixes -- Bibliography.
- "This report identifies a broad range of factors that drive opium poppy cultivation in southern Afghanistan, the locus of opium production in that country, and assesses the positive and negative effects of programs designed to promote rural development, eradicate opium poppies, or otherwise create incentives for farmers to reduce the cultivation of opium poppies. The authors consider the decision to cultivate opium poppy or other crops from the perspective of farmers who must balance concerns about household income and food sufficiency in the context of socio-economic and environmental factors that, for example, relate to security, eradication, and environmental risks; governance and religiosity; landholding terms and conditions; household circumstances; and agricultural input costs and commodity prices. A factor might encourage or discourage opium poppy cultivation and, in some instances, it could have indeterminate or conflicting effects. Then, the authors examine how rural development, crop eradication, and other programs touch on the factors --and affect poppy cultivation--through mechanisms that include subsidies on fertilizer, high-quality wheat seed, saplings and vines, and farm equipment and facilities; infrastructure investment; training; introduction of non-traditional crops; cash-for-work programs; improved market links; and non-agricultural rural income. On the basis of the assessment, the authors also provide advice on how to design programs that might better serve to reduce the cultivation of opium poppies in southern Afghanistan over the long term"--Abstract.
- 9780833090485 (electronic bk.), 0833090488 (electronic bk.), 9780833091284 (electronic bk.), and 083309128X (electronic bk.)
- "June 17, 2015"--Table of contents page.
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 221-233).
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