The psychology of thinking / John Paul Minda
- Minda, John Paul
- London : SAGE Publications Ltd, 2015.
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource (260 pages) : illustrations
- Machine generated contents note: SECTION 1 THE ORGANIZATION OF HUMAN THOUGHT -- 1.The Psychology of Thinking -- What is thinking? -- Challenges to the thinking process -- Theoretical approaches to the study of thinking -- 2.The Psychology of Similarity -- What is similarity? -- Similarity and the thinking process -- The assessment of similarity -- Theoretical approaches to similarity -- Summary -- 3.Knowledge and Memory -- How does memory influence thinking? -- How does memory function? -- Varieties of memory -- Expectations and processing effects -- Memory errors -- Memory and expert performance -- Summary -- 4.Concepts and Categories -- Why do people categorize things? -- The functions of concepts -- Theories of conceptual representation -- Summary -- 5.Language and Thought -- What is language? -- Understanding language as cognition -- Linguistic relativity and linguistic determinism -- Summary -- SECTION 2 THINKING AND REASONING -- 6.Inference and Induction -- The role of induction in thinking -- How induction works -- Categorical induction -- Theoretical accounts of categorical introduction -- Induction in the wild -- Summary -- 7.Deductive Reasoning -- Deduction and induction -- The structure of a logical task -- Categorical reasoning -- Conditional reasoning -- Card selection tasks -- Summary -- 8.Context, Motivation, and Mood -- The dual process account -- Motivation and thinking -- The effects of mood on thinking -- Cognitive resources -- Summary -- SECTION 3 THINKING IN ACTION: DECISION-MAKING, PROBLEM-SOLVING, AND EXPERTISE -- 9.Decision-Making -- Making a decision -- Understanding probability -- Rational approaches to decision-making -- Knowledge effects in decision-making -- Summary -- 10.Problem-Solving -- A general description -- The psychological study of problem-solving -- Problem-solving algorithms and heuristics -- The importance of problem representation -- Knowledge and analogy -- Creativity -- Summary -- 11.Expertise and Expert Thinking -- Defining expertise -- The role of deliberate practice -- The effects of expertise on cognition -- Expertise in medical diagnosis -- Summary.
- How do we define thinking? Is it simply memory, perception and motor activity or perhaps something more complex such as reasoning and decision making? This book argues that thinking is an intricate mix of all these things and a very specific coordination of cognitive resources. Divided into three key sections, there are chapters on the organization of human thought, general reasoning and thinking and behavioural outcomes of thinking. These three overarching themes provide a broad theoretical framework with which to explore wider issues in cognition and cognitive psychology and there are chapters on motivation and language plus a strong focus on problem solving, reasoning and decision making - all of which are central to a solid understanding of this field. The book also explores the cognitive processes behind perception and memory, how we might differentiate expertise from skilled, competent performance and the interaction between language, culture and thought.
- 9781473920262 (ebook)
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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