The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Skiers / JM. Figueras, F. Escalas, A. Vidal, R. Morgenstern, JM. Bul¿̐ư, JA. Merino, JM. Espadaler-Gamisans
- Conference Author:
- Skiing Trauma and Safety: Sixth International Symposium (6th : 1985 : Naeba, Japan)
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource (6 pages) : illustrations, figures, tables
- Additional Creators:
- Bul¿̐ư, JM., Escalas, F., Espadaler-Gamisans, JM., Figueras, JM., Merino, JA., Morgenstern, R., Vidal, A., American Society for Testing and Materials, and ASTM International
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- This study evaluates 23 arthroscopic confirmed cases of anterior cruciate ligament rupture observed in 22 skiers. There were nine cases of isolated rupture and 14 combined with meniscus lesions. Sixty-four percent of the patients were ski racers, and 50% of the lesions occurred in skiers aged from 14 to 20 years. The injury always happened with the use of high legged boots and safety bindings, which only released with mechanisms of rotation and flexion. A backward fall or the effort to avoid it was the most frequent cause of the injury. In 10 cases, the injury occurred without the skier's fall when in a backward position, he tried to recover his balance. In this dynamic situation, an imbalance between the simultaneous contraction of the hamstrings and the quadriceps may cause a force greater than the ligament resistance. The resultant rupture can produce a forward displacement of the tibia causing compression of the posterior third of the meniscus. The use of multidirectional safety bindings or those with release when the skier falls backwards could contribute to the prevention of anterior cruciate ligament injuries.
- Dates of Publication and/or Sequential Designation:
- Volume 1987, Issue 938 (January 1987)
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- text file PDF
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references 6.
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- Electronic reproduction. W. Conshohocken, Pa. : ASTM International, 1987. Mode of access: World Wide Web. System requirements: Web browser. Access may be restricted to users at subscribing institutions.
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- Mode of access: World Wide Web.
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- ASTM International PDF Purchase price USD25.
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