Use of Fractionation and Chemical Analysis Schemes for Plant Effluent Toxicity Evaluations / J. Doi, DR. Grothe
- Conference Author:
- Aquatic Toxicology and Environmental Fate: Eleventh Volume (11th : 1987 : Cincinnati, Ohio)
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource (16 pages) : illustrations, figures, tables
- Additional Creators:
- Doi, J., Grothe, DR., American Society for Testing and Materials, and ASTM International
- Restrictions on Access:
- Subscription required for access to full text. and License restrictions may limit access.
- A new field of analysis has arisen for the evaluation of wastewater samples in response to forthcoming regulations. Instead of using current methodology to determine if target compounds are present in environmental water samples (for example, priority pollutant analysis), Monsanto's Environmental Sciences Center (ESC) has developed a scheme to identify compounds that are either toxic to aquatic organisms or major sources of total organic carbon in wastewaters. This procedure may be necessary with the upcoming toxicity reduction evaluation (TRE) program sponsored by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). The ESC scheme uses simple column chromatography techniques to initially fractionate the wastewater into separate inorganic and organic constituents. Each fraction is evaluated for toxicity to a common test organism, Daphnia magna. The fraction containing the toxicity is then analyzed to identify the sources of toxicity. Several case studies are presented to show how the ESC fractionation and chemical analysis scheme has been used to isolate and identify the factors responsible for wastewater toxicity.
- Dates of Publication and/or Sequential Designation:
- Volume 1988, Issue 1007 (January 1988)
- 9780803150270 (e-ISBN), 9780803111806, and 0803111800
- Digital File Characteristics:
- text file PDF
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references 10.
- Other Forms:
- Also available online via the World Wide Web. Tables of contents and abstracts freely available; full-text articles available by subscription., Full text article also available for purchase., and Also available in PDF edition.
- Reproduction Note:
- Electronic reproduction. W. Conshohocken, Pa. : ASTM International, 1988. Mode of access: World Wide Web. System requirements: Web browser. Access may be restricted to users at subscribing institutions.
- Technical Details:
- Mode of access: World Wide Web.
- Source of Acquisition:
- ASTM International PDF Purchase price USD25.
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