The accountability of armed groups under human rights law / Katharine Fortin
- Fortin, Katharine
- Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2017.
- First edition.
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource
- Machine generated contents note: ch. 1 Introduction -- 1.Introduction -- 2.Definition of Accountability -- 3.Scope of the Book -- 4.Background to Legal Debate -- 5.Damage to the Accountability Framework -- 6.Theories Relied upon by Accountability Mechanisms -- 7.Design of the Book -- ch. 2 Added Value of Application of International Human Rights Law to Armed Groups -- 1.Introduction -- 2.Relationship between IHRL and IHL -- 3.Assessment of the Added Value of IHRL in Non-International Armed Conflicts -- 4.Relationship between Territory and Added Value -- 5.Conclusions -- ch. 3 Evaluative Framework: Legal Personality under International Law -- 1.Introduction -- 2.Rationale behind Evaluative Framework on Legal Personality -- 3.Introduction to Evaluative Framework on Legal Personality -- 4.States-Only Conception of International Legal Personality -- 5.Recognition Conception of International Legal Personality -- 6.Background to Individualistic, Formal, and Actor Conceptions of International Legal Personality -- 7.Individualistic Conception of International Legal Personality -- 8.Formal Conception of International Legal Personality -- 9.Actor Conception of International Legal Personality -- 10.Commonalities and Differences between the Conceptions of International Legal Personality -- ch. 4 The Law on Belligerency and Insurgency, and International Legal Personality -- 1.Introduction -- 2.Law on Belligerency -- 3.Legal Personality of Belligerent Armed Groups -- 4.Insurgency and the Legal Personality of Armed Groups -- 5.General Intercourse between Armed Groups and States as a Source of Legal Obligations -- 6.General Functionality on International Sphere as a Source of Legal Personality -- 7.Conclusions -- ch. 5 International Humanitarian Law and International Legal Personality -- 1.Introduction -- 2.Threshold of IHL: Procedural Perspective -- 3.Threshold of IHL: Material Perspective -- 4.Threshold of IHL: Theoretical Perspective -- 5.Conclusions -- ch. 6 International Legal Personality of Armed Groups under Human Rights Law -- 1.Introduction -- 2.International Legal Personality Exists Along a Spectrum -- 3.Legal Personality Can Be General or Specific -- 4.Legal Personality of Different Armed Groups -- 5.Legal Frameworks Can Accommodate High Degree of Heterogeneity Within Category 'Armed Groups' -- 6.International Legal Personality of Armed Groups May Have Different Sources -- 7.Link between Legal Personality of Armed Groups and Control of Territory is Not New -- 8.Legal Threshold for Application of Human Rights Law to Armed Groups -- 9.Role of Armed Groups in Creation of Customary International Law -- 10.Conclusions -- ch. 7 How are Armed Groups Bound by International Humanitarian Law? -- 1.Introduction -- 2.Existing Theories on How Armed Groups are Bound by IHL -- 3.Armed Groups Bound as Third Parties to the Geneva Conventions -- 4.Armed Groups Bound as a Result of the Domestic Implementation of Treaty Law -- 5.Armed Groups Bound Directly through Constituent Members or as an Entity -- 6.Armed Groups Bound as a Result of Controlling Territory -- 7.Armed Groups Bound through Customary International Law -- 8.Conclusions -- ch. 8 Armed Groups and Treaty Law -- 1.Introduction -- 2.The ICCPR and ICESCR -- 3.The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) -- 4.The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict -- 5.The African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (the Kampala Convention) -- 6.Conclusions -- ch. 9 Control of Territory and Human Rights Obligations of Armed Groups -- 1.Introduction -- 2.Principle of Effectiveness -- 3.Law on State Responsibility Regarding Armed Groups -- 4.Case Law from the General Claims Commission of 1923 between the United States and Mexico -- 5.Case Law from the American Civil War -- 6.ICJ Namibia Principle and European Court of Human Rights Jurisprudence -- 7.Cases from the Franco-Italian Conciliation Commission -- 8.Comparison of Emerging Conclusions with Political Science Analysis of Armed Conflict -- 9.Conclusions on Circumstances in which Acts of an Armed Group Can Be Considered an Act of State -- 10.Conclusions for International Humanitarian Law -- 11.Conclusions for International Human Rights Law -- 12.Implications for How Armed Groups are Bound by Human Rights Law -- 13.A Bottom-Up Approach: Rights Devolving with Territory and Population -- 14.Allocation of Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts Committed by Armed Groups -- 15.Conclusions -- ch. 10 Armed Groups and Crimes against Humanity -- 1.Introduction -- 2.Armed Groups and Crimes against Humanity -- 3.What Kinds of Armed Groups Can Commit Crimes against Humanity? -- 4.Normative Significance of a Finding that Armed Groups Can Commit Crimes against Humanity -- 5.Conclusions -- ch. 11 Armed Groups and Customary International Human Rights Law -- 1.Introduction -- 2.Can Armed Groups Contribute to the Formation of Custom? -- 3.Evaluation of Practice Holding Armed Groups Bound by Customary International Human Rights Law -- 4.Conclusions -- ch. 12 Conclusions -- 1.Accountability in Peril -- 2.Overriding Purpose of the Book -- 3.Conclusions on 'Added Value' of International Human Rights Law -- 4.Conclusions on Legal Personality of Armed Groups under Human Rights Law -- 5.Operational Perspective -- 6.Value of Parallel Accountability Processes -- 7.Concluding Remarks.
- Today the majority of the armed conflicts around the world are fought between States and armed groups, rather than between States. This work brings significant new insight to the questio of whether and when armed groups are bound by human rights law.
- 9780191846106 (ebook)
- Audience Notes:
- This edition previously issued in print: 2017.
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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