The machinery of criminal justice [electronic resource] / Stephanos Bibas
- Bibas, Stephanos
- New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012.
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource
- Machine generated contents note: I.The Long Drift from Morality Play to Machine -- A.Criminal Justice in the Early American Colonies -- 1.Small-Town Morality -- 2.Lay Justice -- 3.Room for Mercy -- 4.Reintegrative Punishment -- B.Criminal Justice Since the American Revolution -- 1.The Changing Aims of Criminal Justice -- 2.Professionalization -- 3.The Birth of Plea Bargaining -- 4.The Hiding of Punishment Behind Prison Walls -- 5.The Decline of Mercy -- II.Opaque, Unresponsive Criminal Justice -- A.The Players -- 1.Dominant Insiders, Savvy and Self-Interested -- 2.Excluded Outsiders, Yearning for Justice -- B.The Play of the Game -- 1.Round One: Insiders' Procedural Discretion Shapes the Rules in Action -- 2.Round Two: Outsiders Try to Check Insiders -- 3.Round Three: Insiders' Procedural Discretion Undercuts Reforms -- 4.Round Four: Outsiders, Egged on by Politicians, Take Matters into Their Own Hands -- 5.Round Five: Insiders Circumvent Even "Mandatory" Reforms -- C.Costs of the Game -- 1.Clouding the Criminal Law's Substantive Message and Effectiveness -- 2.Undermining Legitimacy and Trust -- 3.Hindering Public Monitoring and Preferences -- D.Defense Lawyers and Defendants' Distrust -- 1.Insider Defense Counsel's Interests and Pressures -- 2.Defendants' Overoptimism and Risk-Taking -- 3.Miscommunication, Mistrust, and Muting -- III.Denial, Remorse, Apology, and Forgiveness -- A.Denial and Equivocation -- 1.The Use of Pleas by Defendants in Denial -- 2.The Danger of Convicting the Innocent -- 3.The Costs of False Denial and the Value of Confession -- 4.The Value of Trials as Morality Plays -- B.Remorse, Apology, and Forgiveness -- 1.The Irrelevance of Remorse and Apology in Contemporary Criminal Justice -- 2.Crime as a Relational Concept -- 3.Lessons from Noncriminal Contexts: Civil Mediation -- IV.Whose Voices Belong in Criminal Justice? -- A.The State's Monopoly on Criminal Justice -- B.Incomplete Alternatives to the State's Machinery -- 1.Victims' Rights -- 2.Restorative Justice -- 3.Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Problem-Solving Courts -- V.Popular Moral Discourse Versus Mechanical Efficiency -- A.Efficiency Instead of Moral Judgment -- B.Why Not Address Substantive Moral Goals? -- VI.Returning Power to the Public in a Lawyer-Driven System -- A.Macro-Level Reforms -- 1.From Idle Imprisonment to Work, Accountability, and Reform -- 2.Collateral Consequences and Reentry -- B.Mid-Level Reforms to Include the Public -- 1.Greater Transparency -- 2.Increasing Public Participation -- C.Micro-Level Solutions -- 1.Victim Information and Consultation -- 2.Defendants' Information and Participation -- 3.Restorative Sentencing Juries.
- Presenting a survey of how the legal process in the US has changed over two centuries, this text calculates the social cost of a prevailing quest for efficiency that has seen both courts and corrections removed from public control & placed in the hands of professionals.
- 9780199933204 (ebook) and 0199933200 (ebook)
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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