Gambling with violence : state outsourcing of war in Pakistan and India / Yelena Biberman
- Biberman, Yelena
- New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2019.
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource : illustrations (black and white).
- Modern South Asia
Oxford scholarship online
- Machine generated contents note: 1.Introduction -- Why Study State-Nonstate Alliances in Civil War? -- Why South Asia? -- Existing Research and Book's Contribution -- State Alliances -- Rebel Alliances -- Militias -- The Argument -- Book Plan -- 2.State-Nonstate Alliances In Civil War: A New Balance-Of-Interests Theory -- A Typology of Nonstate Allies -- Auxiliary -- Proxy -- Freelancer -- Potential Explanations Suggested in the Existing Literature -- A New Balance-of-Interests Framework -- Scope Conditions -- Cases, Data, and Research Methods -- Research Design and Case Selection -- Data Collection -- 3.Saving The House Of Islam: Pakistan's "Volunteers" In The War Of 1971 -- Pakistan Regains Control in East Pakistan, March-May 1971 -- From State Control to Parity, May-June 1971 -- Alliance between Pakistan and Razakar Opportunists -- From Parity to Insurgent Dominance, June-December 1971 -- Alliance between Pakistan and al-Badr Activists -- Conclusion -- 4."guns plus interest": renegades and villagers in india's Kashmir war -- From Insurgent Control to Parity in Kashmir Valley, 1989-1993 -- From Parity to India's Control in Kashmir Valley, 1993-1996 -- Alliance between India and Ikhwan-ul-Muslimoon Opportunists -- Alliance between India and Muslim Mujahideen Opportunists -- 1996 Elections Mark a Turning Point -- New Theater of War in Jammu -- Alliance between India and Village Defense Committee Activists -- Conclusion -- 5.Tribal "Awakenings" In Pakistan And India -- Anti-Taliban "Awakening" in Pakistan -- Pakistan's Interests in Context -- Misalignment of Interests and Weak Alliance between Pakistan and Lashkars -- Anti-Naxalite "Awakening" in India -- Background of Naxalite (a.k.a. Maoist) Insurgency -- India's Interests in Context -- From India's Weakness to Parity in Chhattisgarh -- Alliance between India and Salwa Judum Opportunists -- Conclusion -- 6.All The State's Proxies In Turkey And Russia -- Turkey's War against Kurdish Rebels -- Alliance between Turkey and Kurdish Clans -- Alliance between Turkey and Kurdish Hizbullah -- Russia's First War in Chechnya -- Russia's Second War in Chechnya -- Alliance between Russia and Gantamirovtsy -- Alliance between Russia and Kadyrovtsy -- Conclusion -- 7.Conclusion -- Policy Recommendations -- Directions for Future Research -- Implications for South Asian Security.
- 'Gambling with Violence' tackles a global problem that is particularly consequential for Pakistan and India: state outsourcing of violence to ordinary civilians, criminals, and ex-insurgents. Drawing on over 200 interviews, archival research, and fieldwork conducted in Islamabad, Srinagar, New Delhi, Dhaka, Diyarbakir, Ankara, Moscow, London, and Washington, D.C., this text introduces the 'balance-of-interests' thesis to deepen our understanding of state-nonstate alliances in civil war.
- 9780190930004 (ebook)
- Audience Notes:
- Also issued in print: 2019.
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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