Effects of maternal cumulative risk and perceived control over caregiving failure on the likelihood of autonomy support and direct instruction use with children
- Hamby, Catherine
- [University Park, Pennsylvania] : Pennsylvania State University, 2020.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Lunkenheimer, Erika Sell
- Restrictions on Access:
- Restricted (Penn State Only).
- Autonomy support promotes childrens emerging capacity for independence and is predictive of self-regulation and positive behavioral outcomes. However, research suggests that parents with higher levels of cumulative socioeconomic risk may engage in fewer autonomy-supportive interactions with their children. This discrepancy is one possible contribution to the growing income-based achievement gap in child development. As autonomy support may serve as a buffer for children in families with higher levels of cumulative risk, it is important to understand factors predicting parental use of autonomy support versus more power-assertive parenting practices such as direct instruction. The present study used multilevel continuous-time survival analysis to examine the effects of maternal cumulative socioeconomic risk and perceived control over caregiving failure on the likelihood of responding to child off-task behavior with autonomy support and direct instruction strategies. Results revealed that mothers with higher compared to lower cumulative risk were significantly less likely to respond to child off-task behavior with autonomy support, but no differences by cumulative risk status were found for direct instruction. Mothers perceptions of control over caregiving failure did not influence the likelihood of their autonomy support nor direct instruction in response to child off-task behavior. There were no significant interactive effects of cumulative risk and perceived control over caregiving failure on parenting behaviors. Results shed light on how moment-to-moment dyadic analytic techniques can be used to expose predictors of parent-child interaction dynamics implicated in the development of child behavior problems.
- Dissertation Note:
- M.S. Pennsylvania State University 2020.
- Technical Details:
- The full text of the dissertation is available as an Adobe Acrobat .pdf file ; Adobe Acrobat Reader required to view the file.
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