Journal of the House of Lords during the reign of James II.
- Corporate Author:
- Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords
- Physical Description:
- 121 pages : calf ; 32 cm
- Language Note:
- In English, with some entries in Latin and French.
- Restrictions on Access:
- Unrestricted access.
- Manuscript, in a single secretary hand, of a chronological journal of proceedings in the House of Lords, 19 May 1685-22 November 1688. Beginning with the introduction of each of the Lords, includes petitions from prisoners, the King's speeches, a declaration of the Earl of Argyle, the King's response to Argyle's treason, passing the Revenue Bill, letter from the Mayor of Lyme concerning the Duke of Monmouth's invasion by sea, lists of public and private acts passed by the House, and James II's declaration that Parliament be prorogued (suspended) from 20 November 1685 to 10 February 1686, from 10 February to 10 May 1686; the last entry on 10 May notes that Parliament heard the commission for the further progrogation to 22 November, and ends with a note that it was prorogued every session thereafter through 22 November 1688.
- Formerly part of an 18th-century library in Williamscote House near Banbury, Oxfordshire, England, assembled by John Loveday (1711-1789), philologist and antiquary, who lived at Caversham in Oxfordshire. The library was moved to Williamscote House in 1799 by John Loveday the second (1742-1809), Doctor of Laws. Gift of Dr. Ducazel in March 1779 to John Loveday of Cavenham.
- In Rare Books and Manuscripts, University Libraries, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa. (#RBM 9557/Mss. 02)
Williamscote Library shelfmark a.3 - 23.+
- Source of Acquisition:
- Purchased from Christopher Edwards Antiquarian Books & Manuscripts, 2006.
- Administrative History:
- King James II is best known for struggles with the English Parliament (the new Parliament that assembled in May 1685, which gained the name of "Loyal Parliament," was initially favorable to James) and his attempts to create religious liberty for English Roman Catholics and Protestant nonconformists against the wishes of the Anglican establishment. Parliament, opposed to the growth of absolutism that was occurring in other European countries, as well as to the loss of legal supremacy for the Church of England, saw their opposition as a way to preserve what they regarded as traditional English liberties. To protect himself from further rebellions after the ones in southern England and Scotland, James sought safety in an enlarged standing army against the English tradition not to keep a professional army in peacetime. When even the previously supportive Parliament objected to James's use of his dispensing power to allow Roman Catholics to command several regiments without having to take the oath mandated by the Test Act, James ordered Parliament prorogued in November 1685, never to meet again in his reign.This tension made James's four-year reign a struggle for supremacy between the English Parliament and the Crown, resulting in his deposition, the passage of the Bill of Rights, and the Hanoverian succession.
View MARC record | catkey: 3121172