The Justice and Development Party in Turkey : populism, personalism, organization / Toygar Sinan Baykan
- Baykan, Toygar Sinan
- Cambridge ; New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2018.
- Physical Description:
- 1 online resource
- Cover; Half-title; Title page; Copyright information; Contents; Figures; Tables; Acknowledgements; Dedication; 1 Introduction: Agency Matters; The Research Question and an Initial Glance at the JDP; An Initial Glance at the Ideology, Organization and Policies of the JDP; Identifying the Theoretical Puzzle of the JDP: From Post-Islamism to Populism to a Hegemonic Party Autocracy; How and Why Did an Islamist (and Later, Post-Islamist) Party Embrace Populism?; How Did a Populist Party Defy the Expectation That Populists Are Destined to Fail in Government?, How, in the Absence of Required Symbolic and Economic Resources, Did a New Political Actor Build a Hegemonic Party Autocracy?The Literature on the JDP; Research Focusing on the Economy; Research Focusing on Social Structural Dynamics and Constituency; Studies Focusing on Discourse/Ideology and Hegemony; The Populism of the JDP: A Controversial Issue; The JDP's Hegemony; Research Focusing on the Organization and the Leader; The Approach and Purpose of the Research: Shifting the Focus from Structures to Party Agency; Method, Fieldwork and Sources, The Impact of the Timing and Conjuncture of the Research and a Brief Self-ReflectionThe Effect of Interview Locations on the Research; The Effect of Interviewee Sample on the Research; Other Sources; Structure of the Book; 2 The Transformation of the Turkish Party System: Selective Pluralism and the Rise of the JDP; Introduction; The 1980s: Restoration through Selective Pluralism; The Coup and Selective Pluralism; The Gradual Islamization of Society; The Reintroduction of Party Politics and the Rise of the Motherland Party, The 1990s: Fragmentation in the Party System and the Legitimacy CrisesThe Decline of the Motherland Party and Fragmentation in the Party System; The Legitimacy Crises of the Establishment and the Rise of the Islamist Elite; The Establishment Elite Strikes Back: The Soft Intervention of 28 February 1997 and the Rise of Post-Islamism; 2002 Onwards: The Rise of the Post-Islamist Elite; The JDP Benefits from Fragmentation and Selective Pluralism; Resistance of the Establishment Elite; The Presidency of the Republic; High Judiciary, Constitutional Court and the Military, and Political Conflict under the Conditions of Selective Pluralism and the Political Agency of Erdoğan's JDPConclusion; 3 The High-Low Divide in Turkish Politics and the Populist Appeal of the JDP; Introduction; Defining the Relevant Divide: How to Locate the JDP's Political Appeal; Cleavages or Divides? The Turkish Case and the High-Low Divide; Left-Right Divide; 'Centre-Periphery' Divide or 'Religious-Secular Polarization Perspective'; The Concept of Populism; Populism as an Ideology, (Organizational) Strategy and a Socio-Political Logic
- Turkish politics were remarkably reshaped in the early 2000s following the decline of the Islamist National View and the electoral breakthrough of the new Justice and Development Party (JDP) headed by Erdogan. Beside its Islamist credentials, Erdogan's JDP consistently and convincingly presented itself as the "populist" defender of the downtrodden sectors of Turkish society. However, with Erdogan's rise as the popularly elected president in 2014, Turkey's already fragile democratic system was driven in a more authoritarian direction. Shifting the focus away from structural factors, this book analyzes the political appeal and organisation of the JDP that granted them such unprecedented electoral resilience. With critical but accessible theoretical discussions, Toygar Sinan Baykan locates the JDP within the wider literature of populism, Islamist party politics, party organisations and authoritarianism. Over fifty in-depth interviews also help to relate the intimate story of Turkey's socio-cultural divides and the JDP's intraparty organisational dynamics, thereby offering a fresh account of Turkish politics.
- 9781108568203 (electronic bk.), 1108568203 (electronic bk.), 9781108570725 (ebook), and 1108570720 (ebook)
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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