Understanding the State of Knowledge of the Relationship Between Experiential Outdoor Education and Outcomes for Students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders
- Sokoloski, Madeline
- [University Park, Pennsylvania] : Pennsylvania State University, 2021.
- Physical Description:
- 1 electronic document
- Additional Creators:
- Mowen, Andrew J. and Schreyer Honors College
- honors.libraries.psu.edu , Connect to this object online.
- Restrictions on Access:
- Open Access.
- This paper provides a standalone systematic literature review of experiential outdoor education in relation to the outcomes for students with Emotional Behavioral Disorders (EBD) in an academic context. The low levels of academic achievement within this population serve as evidence of the need for assessing methods of instruction that effectively connect with these students. To highlight the current state of knowledge, search terms related to experiential education, outdoor education, and environmental education as they relate to EBD were included in the search. The search initially resulted in only a handful of qualifying results, so Oppositional Defiance Disorder (a form of EBD) was included as an additional keyword. Conducting six independent searches on the Google Scholar engine resulted in 12 relevant scientific articles. These can be categorized as either measuring academic outcomes, social-emotional outcomes, both, or neither. This limited pool of scholarship revealed a promising positive relationship between experiential outdoor education and the social-emotional and academic outcomes for students with EBD. However, given the limited amount of research on these relationships, it is evident that this area is under-researched. Specifically, there is very little information on how this type of instruction can impact academic outcomes, such as grades, attendance, and school dropout rates, rather than just social and emotional skill development. Additionally, a lack of corroborating research means that it is difficult to generalize these results further than the contexts in which they were found, which was often as part of a case study with a limited number of participants. As such, to provide further evidence towards the relationship between this mode of instruction and this subset of the student population, future research is necessary. This thesis proposes some suggestions for this future research.
- Other Subject(s):
- Dissertation Note:
- B.S. Pennsylvania State University 2021.
- Technical Details:
- The full text of the dissertation is available as an Adobe Acrobat .pdf file ; Adobe Acrobat Reader required to view the file.
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