Global legitimacy crises : decline and revival in multilateral governance / Thomas Sommerer,Hans Agné,Fariborz Zelli and Bart Bes
- Sommerer, Thomas
- Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2022.
- Physical Description:
- 240 pages : illustrations(colour).
- Additional Creators:
- Sommerer, Thomas, Agné, Hans, Zelli, Fariborz, and Bes, Bart
- ezaccess.libraries.psu.edu , Oxford Academic
- 1 Introduction -- 2 Conceptualizing Legitimacy Crises in Multilateral Governance -- 3 Patterns of Legitimacy Crises in 32 International Organizations -- 4 The Legitimacy Crises of the WTO and the UNFCCC -- 5 Explaining the Consequences of Legitimacy Crises in Multilateral Governance -- 6 The Consequences of IO Legitimacy Crises -- 7 The Consequences of Legitimacy Crises in Global Governance -- 8 Conclusion
- This book addresses the consequences of legitimacy in global governance, in particular asking: when and how do legitimacy crises affect international organizations (IOs) and their capacity to rule. The book starts with a new conceptualization of legitimacy crisis that looks at public challenges from a variety of actors. Based on this conceptualization, it applies a mixed-methods approach to identify and examine legitimacy crises, starting with a quantitative analysis of mass media data on challenges of a sample of 32 IOs. It shows that some, but not all organizations have experienced legitimacy crises, spread over several decades from 1985 to 2020. Following this, the book presents a qualitative study to further examine legitimacy crises of two selected case studies: the WTO and the UNFCCC. Whereas earlier research assumed that legitimacy crises have negative consequences, the book introduces a theoretical framework that privileges the activation inherent in a legitimacy crisis. It holds that this activation may not only harm an IO, but could also strengthen it, in terms of its material, institutional, and decision-making capacity. The following statistical analysis shows that whether a crisis has predominantly negative or positive effects depends on a variety of factors. These include the specific audience whose challenges define a certain crisis, and several institutional properties of the targeted organization. The ensuing in-depth analysis of the WTO and the UNFCCC further reveals how legitimacy crises and both positive and negative consequences are interlinked, and that effects of crises are sometimes even visible beyond the organizational borders.
- 9780191946745 electronic book
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