An Address to the people of the Free States by the president of the Southern Confederacy [electronic resource] : Richmond, January 5, 1863. Citizens of the non-slave-holding States of America, swayed by peacable motives, I have used all my influence ... to have the unhappy conflict now existing between my people and yourselves, governed by those well established international rules ... but all my efforts in the premises have heretofore been unavailing. Now, therefore, I am compelled e necessitati rei to employ a measure ... On and after February 22, 1863, all free Negroes within the limits of the Southern Confederacy shall be placed on the slave status, and be deemed to be chattels, they and their issue forever. ...
- [Richmond?] : Richmond Enquirer Print, 
- Physical Description:
- 1 sheet (1 unnumbered page) ; 31 x 23 cm
- Additional Creators:
- Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889
- A forgery, over the name of Jefferson Davis, "purporting to be his reply to Lincoln's [Emancipation] Proclamation of four days earlier." Cf. McElroy, R. Jefferson Davis, the unreal and the real, 1937, p. 364-367. Presumably a false imprint as well.
Davis' authentic response to the Emancipation Proclamation was included in his message to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Confederate States on Jan. 12, 1863. Cf. Jefferson Davis constitutionalist, his letters, papers and speeches, 1923, v. 5, p. 396-415.
AVAILABLE ONLINE TO AUTHORIZED PSU USERS.
- Reproduction Note:
- Electronic text and image data. [Chester, Vt. : Readex, a division of Newsbank, Inc., 2005. Includes files in TIFF, GIF and PDF formats with inclusion of keyword searchable text. (American broadsides and ephemera. First series ; no. 11374).
- Reviewed/Cited In:
- Parrish & Willingham. Confederate imprints, 916.
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