- S>The compatibility of type 304L stainless steel in intimate contact with graphite is being studied as a function of temperature and contact pressure. This study is an outgrowth of materials compatibility problems in present and advanced gas-cooled reactors, where structural members in direct contact with graphite provide the possibility of both carburization and self-welding. Initial studies were concerned with surface reactions in the absence of gaseous contaminants under a vacuum of 10/sup -6/ mm Hg at 540 to 705 deg C. Stainless steel specimens are pretreated to provide three surface conditions: H/sub 2/- fired, preoxidized, and Cu-plated. Surface contact pressures ranged from 0 to 10,000 psi. Test results are presented which establish the lower temperature limit for significant diffusion between graphite and stainless steel at approximately 60O deg C. Above this temperature, diffusion between untreated or H2-fired stainless steel surfaces was found to effect complete bonding of the two materials at contact pressures as low as 500 psi. Bonding was effectively prevented by the presence of either an oxide film or a Cu plate at temperatures up to 700 deg C. Where bonding occurred, diffusion rates measured for C in stainless steel were comparable with those reported for stainless steel ln C- saturated Na. However, phases produced in surface reactions between graphite and stainless steel were of higher order than those reported for the Na carrier. Lack of carburization in control specimens not in contact with graphite indicated the role of the gas phase to be unimportant at impurity pressures of 10/sup -6/ mm Hg. (auth)
- Report Numbers:
- Other Subject(s):
- U.S. Atomic Energy Commission depository collection.
- DOE contract number: W-7405-ENG-26
NSA number: NSA-16-033376
OSTI Identifier 4805079
Research organization: Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States).
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