Legal strategies in childhood obesity prevention : workshop summary / Lynn Parker [and others], rapporteurs ; Standing Committee on Childhood Obesity Prevention, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies
- Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, 
- Copyright Date:
- Physical Description:
- x, 94 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
- Additional Creators:
- Parker, Lynn and Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Standing Committee on Childhood Obesity Prevention
- Machine generated contents note: 1.Introduction -- The Potential of Legal Strategies -- Organization of This Summary -- 2.Legal Approaches in Other Areas -- Air Bags in Automobiles -- Firearms Injury Prevention -- The Connection to Food -- 3.Actions By Federal Agencies: A Focus On Foods and Beverages -- Initiatives by the Federal Trade Commission -- Initiatives by the Food and Drug Administration -- Discussion -- 4.Perspectives from the Food Industry -- The Perspective of the Grocery Industry -- The Perspective of the Restaurant Industry -- Discussion -- 5.Using Regulations and Taxes to Prevent Obesity -- The Use of Regulations to Change Food and Beverage Consumption -- The Use of Taxes to Influence Food and Beverage Purchases -- Discussion -- 6.Using the Law to Increase Physical Activity -- Legal Approaches to Increase Physical Activity in Communities -- Physical Activity as a Civil Rights Issue -- Discussion -- 7.Using Litigation to Change Policies and Practices -- Legal Strategies for Obesity Prevention -- Using Litigation and the Threat of Litigation to Leverage Change -- The Disadvantages of Litigation -- Discussion -- 8.Other State and Local Obesity Prevention Strategies -- Actions by Local Public Health Agencies -- The Roles of Attorneys General -- Child Care and Obesity -- Discussion -- 9.Closing Remarks -- REFERENCES AND RESOURCES -- APPENDIXES -- A.Workshop Agenda.
- Since 1980, childhood obesity rates have more than tripled in the United States. Recent data show that almost one-third of children over 2 years of age are already overweight or obese. While the prevalence of childhood obesity appears to have plateaued in recent years, the magnitude of the problem remains unsustainably high and represents an enormous public health concern. All options for addressing the childhood obesity epidemic must therefore be explored. In the United States, legal approaches have successfully reduced other threats to public health, such as the lack of passive restraints in automobiles and the use of tobacco. The question then arises of whether laws, regulations, and litigation can likewise be used to change practices and policies that contribute to obesity. On October 21, 2010, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) held a workshop to bring together stakeholders to discuss the current and future legal strategies aimed at combating childhood obesity. This book summarizes the proceedings of that workshop. The report examines the challenges involved in implementing public health initiatives by using legal strategies to elicit change. It also discusses circumstances in which legal strategies are needed and effective. This workshop was created only to explore the boundaries of potential legal approaches to address childhood obesity, and therefore, does not contain recommendations for the use of such approaches.
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 75-77).
- Other Forms:
- Also available online in Open Book format via the National Academies Press home page.
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