The true chronicles of Jean Le Bel, 1290-1360 / translated by Nigel Bryant
- Language Note:
- Translated from the Middle French.
- Machine generated contents note: `True Chronicles' -- Chivalry -- Honour and Blame -- Stations -- Style -- Dates -- Further Reading -- JEAN LE BEL'S CHRONICLE -- Prologue -- EDWARD III'S ACCESSION -- I.The genealogy of the noble King Edward, and how he was driven out of England -- II.How Sir John of Hainault took the Queen of England and her eldest son back to England -- III.How the Earl of Arundel and Hugh Despenser the Elder were captured and executed -- IV.How the king and Lord Hugh the Younger were captured and Lord Hugh sentenced to a foul death -- V.How the king was condemned and deprived of his crown and the government of the realm -- VI.How King Edward was crowned King of England at the age of sixteen -- THE CAMPAIGN IN THE BORDERS 1327 -- VII.How King Robert of Scotland defied the young King Edward and began to ravage England -- VIII.How the Hainaulter pages came into conflict with the English archers -- IX.How the king and all his army left the city of York to march against the Scots -- X.The nature of the Scots and their methods in war -- XI.How the King of England pursued the Scots who were burning and laying waste his land -- XII.How the English searched for the Scots and didn't know where they were -- XIII.How young King Edward laid siege to the Scots, who were burning and laying waste his land, on a mountain -- XIV.How the noble King Edward was married to the daughter of the Count of Hainault -- `THE BLACK DOUGLAS' -- XV.How the good King Robert of Scotland entrusted Sir James Douglas with carrying his heart to the Holy Sepulchre -- XVI.How Sir James Douglas set out on his journey from Scotland -- THE CLAIMS TO THE FRENCH CROWN -- XVII.How King Charles of France died and Lord Philip of Valois, by common accord, was crowned King of France -- XVIII.How King Philip of France defeated the Flemings at the hill of Cassel -- XIX.How Lord Robert of Artois was forced into exile from France -- XX.How King Edward ordered the executions of his uncle the Earl of Kent and Lord Mortimer -- WAR WITH SCOTLAND -- XXI.How young King Edward resumed war against the young King David of Scotland, his brother-in-law -- XXII.How King Edward invaded Scotland and burned and laid waste the land and captured cities and castles -- XXIII.How the noble King Edward laid siege to the good city of Berwick -- XXIV.How the young Count of Namur and his brother crossed the sea to England and were captured -- THE WAR WITH FRANCE BEGINS -- XXV.How the noble King Edward sent the Bishop of Lincoln to the Count of Hainault to discuss war with France -- XXVI.How a man named Jacob van Artevelde held sway in Flanders -- XXVII.How these English lords went to Flanders to secure the aid of the Flemings and especially of Jacob van Artevelde -- XXVIII.How the King of England crossed the sea and landed at Antwerp, trusting in the promises made to his ambassadors by a number of lords -- XXIX.How the Margrave of Julich went to the Emperor to seek aid and guidance for King Edward against the French -- XXX.How the Emperor, through the Margrave of Julich, commissioned King Edward to be his Vicar and lieutenant -- XXXI.How King Edward and his allies marched into the Cambresis because Cambrai had turned to the King of France -- XXXII.How King Edward first entered France and ravaged a large part of the Thierache before the eyes of the French king -- XXXIII.How and why the King of England took the name and the arms of France and called himself King of France and England -- XXXIV.How the King of France sent an army into the land of Hainault around Chimay -- XXXV.How the Duke of Normandy took a great army to besiege, capture and burn the mighty castle of Thun in the Cambresis -- XXXVI.How King Edward of England, on his way to help the Count of Hainault, defeated the King of France's admiral -- XXXVII.How the King of England and other great lords of his alliance besieged the city of Tournai -- XXXVIII.How the King of France came within two leagues of Tournai to raise the siege, but a settlement was made and agreement reached -- XXXIX.How a truce was made between the two kings at the siege of Tournai, through the mediation of my lady of Hainault, sister of the French king and mother of the Queen of England -- 1340-58 -- XL.How the kings of Spain and Portugal defeated three heathen kings who had entered Spain and were besieging a great city -- XLI.How Lord Charles of Bohemia was crowned King of Germany -- XLII.How a great conflict arose between Duke Wenceslaus and the Count of Flanders over the duchy of Brabant -- XLIII.How Leuven and the other cities, with one accord, took Duke Wenceslaus as their lord in opposition to the Count of Flanders -- XLIV.How the Count of Hainault made peace between the Count of Flanders and the people of Brabant, and how the Emperor came to hold a great court at Metz -- XLV.How Count William of Hainault went insane, losing his wits and his reason -- THE WAR OF THE BRETON SUCCESSION -- XLVI.How the Count of Montfort seized the land of Brittany after the death of his maternal half brother and found great wealth at Limoges -- XLVII.How Lord Charles of Blois went to Brittany and won back a large part of the country by force of arms and captured the Count of Montfort -- EDWARD AND THE COUNTESS OF SALISBURY -- XLVIII.Here the book returns to its proper story and recounts the great feats of arms and high prowess performed by the Scots against the English -- XLIX.How the Countess of Salisbury sent Sir William Montagu to King Edward for help against the King of Scotland who was besieging her -- L.How King Edward came to Wark Castle, expecting to find the Scots, but they had already gone; and how he fell in love with the beautiful Countess of Salisbury -- LI.How King Edward left Wark Castle with all his army and pursued the Scots to the forest of Jedburgh -- THE WAR IN BRITTANY -- LII.Here the book returns to the adventures in Brittany, to tell how Lord Charles of Blois laid siege to the city of Rennes -- LIII.How the Countess of Montfort sent to England, pleading for help from the king, who sent her Sir Walter Mauny -- LIV.How the citizens of Rennes surrendered the city to the lord of Blois in defiance of their captain -- LV.How Lord Charles of Blois held two castles under siege -- LVI.How Sir Walter Mauny came with a mighty company to Hennebont, where the Countess of Montfort was besieged -- LVII.How Lord Louis of Spain left Hennebont and went to besiege and capture two towns, Guemene-sur-Scorff and Guerande -- LVIII.How Sir Walter Mauny and his companions pursued Lord Louis of Spain across the sea and defeated him -- LIX.How the French lords took the town of Carhaix and then laid siege to Hennebont -- LX.How Lord Louis wanted to behead two knights who were valiantly rescued by Sir Walter Mauny -- LXI.How the King of England held a great feast in London, and the Countess of Montfort came to ask him for help -- LXII.How King Edward came to Brittany and laid siege to three cities in a single day -- LXIII.You have heard how Sir Olivier de Clisson was beheaded in Paris; here are details of others who suffered the same fate -- EDWARD AND THE COUNTESS OF SALISBURY -- LXIV.How King Edward had Windsor Castle restored and announced a great feast to be held there -- LXV.How King Edward committed a great wrong when he raped the Countess of Salisbury -- THE WAR IN GASCONY -- LXVI.How a feast was held at Windsor in the year 1344; and of the men-at-arms sent by King Edward to Gascony and Brittany -- LXVII.How the worthy Earl of Derby arrived in Gascony and won many towns and castles there -- LXVIII.How the Duke of Normandy went to Gascony with a very great army and won back several places there -- LXIX.Of the outstanding deeds of arms and feats of high prowess reported at the siege of Aiguillon -- CRECY AND CALAIS -- LXX.How King Edward left England and sailed to Normandy and laid waste the land -- LXXI.How King Edward conquered numerous towns and castles in Normandy, namely the isle of Guernsey, Saint-Lo, etc -- LXXII.In which you may hear of the astonishing battle of Crecy, where the greatest lords of France were defeated and captured -- LXXIII.How the King of England with a great army besieged the mighty city of Calais -- LXXIV.Here we return to Aiguillon, and how the Duke of Normandy and the others abandoned the siege and went back to the King in France -- LXXV.How the Earl of Derby left Bordeaux and went to Poitou and took Poitiers and Saint-Jean-d'Angely -- LXXVI.How the King of Scotland was captured and defeated in battle while King Edward had been before Calais, etc -- LXXVII.How King Edward tried to arrange the marriage of his daughter to the young Count of Flanders, but the count would not consent -- LXXVIII.How Bishop Engelbert of Liege quarrelled with the people of the region and fought a fierce battle at Vottem and another at Tourinne -- LXXIX.How Lord Charles of Blois was defeated and captured in battle before La Roche-Derrien in Brittany, and taken to England -- LXXX.How the King of France advanced close to Calais to counter the King of England's siege, but could go no further -- LXXXI.How six burghers of Calais, stripped to their shifts and with nooses at their necks, delivered the keys of the city to the King of England -- LXXXII.How bands of brigands assembled and pillaged towns and castles in Brittany and elsewhere -- LXXXIII.How King Edward personally saved the castle of Calais, treacherously sold by its castellan to Sir Geoffroi de Charny -- KING JOHN'S REIGN BEGINS -- LXXXIV.How King Philip and his son remarried, and King Philip died soon after and the Duke of Normandy was crowned king -- LXXXV.How the English and Gascons defeated the French outside Saint-Jean-d'Angely -- LXXXVI.How thirty French agreed to do battle against thirty English and Germans in Brittany, and the English and Germans were defeated -- and Contents note continued: LXXXVII.How King John of France ordered the beheading of the worthy Count of Eu and Guines, Constable of France, even though he was a prisoner of the English -- LXXXVIII.The reason for the hostility that arose between King John of France and the King of Navarre and his brother -- LXXXIX.How King John of France created an order of knights in the manner of the Round Table, and it was called the Company of the Star -- XC.How the King of France made a pact with the King of Navarre, and how King Edward crossed the sea to Calais and ravaged the country -- XCI.How King Edward besieged the city of Berwick, captured by Sir William Douglas and the Scots, and won it back -- THE PRINCE OF WALES'S CAMPAIGNS -- XCII.How the Prince of Wales led a great and bold expedition through Languedoc, destroying and laying waste the country between Narbonne and Carcassonne -- XCIII.How King John, with his own hands, arrested the King of Navarre and the young Count of Harcourt at a castle where they were dining with his son -- XCIV.Of the amazing fortune and adventures of the valiant Prince of Wales who, with only a small army, left Bordeaux in the year of grace 1356 and advanced through Gascony, Limousin and Berry, burning and laying waste the land almost as far as Orleans and Paris; and how King John followed him to Poitiers, where the French were defeated and the said king was [ect.] -- XCV.How peace was made between the King of England and the King of Scotland, who had been held captive in England for ten years -- XCVI.How the Duke of Lancaster besieged and took the city of Rennes in Brittany -- PLUNDER AND UPRISING -- XCVII.Of a knight who, after the King of France was captured, gathered men from every land and plundered Provence -- XCVIII.How the kingdom of France was governed by the three estates, that is to say the clergy, the nobility and the bourgeoisie, while King John was a prisoner in England -- XCIX.How robber bands ravaged the kingdom of France, and how the Provost of the Merchants of Paris had two of the Duke of Normandy's counsellors killed -- C.How there was a rising of leaderless men bent on killing noblemen, ladies and damsels, and of the atrocities they committed -- CI.How knights and squires who had taken refuge at Meaux in Brie killed a great number of the commons -- CII.How the Duke of Normandy laid siege to Paris and the Provost was killed inside the city, which prompted the King of Navarre to defy Paris and wage war upon the kingdom -- CIII.Of the terrible plunder committed by robber bands in the most noble kingdom of France, and how they were finally destroyed -- EDWARD'S LAST CAMPAIGN -- CIV.How peace was agreed and sealed by the kings of France and England, but the French would not observe it, so the King of England made ready to come to France once more -- CV.How King Edward entered France with a greater force than ever before, determined to secure an honourable peace or never to return to England -- CVI.How the King of Navarre hatched a plot in Paris to have the Duke of Normandy murdered by a knight, who was executed for it -- CVII.Here you can see which parts of the kingdom of France the King of England wasted and held to ransom, and how long he stayed there unchallenged -- CVIII.How peace was made between the two kings, and how King Edward returned to England and sent home King John of France -- CIX.How the Marquis of Montferrat led the Great Companies into Lombardy.
- "The chronicles of Jean le Bel, written around 1357-60, are one of the most important sources for the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. They were only rediscovered and published at the beginning of the twentieth century, though Froissart begins his much more famous work by acknowledging his great debt to the 'true chronicles' which Jean le Bel had written. Many of the great pages of Froissart are actually the work of Jean le Bel, and this is the first translation of his book. It introduces English-speaking readers to a vivid text written by a man who, although a canon of the cathedral at Liège, had actually fought with Edward III in Scotland, and who was a great admirer of the English king. He writes directly and clearly, with an admirable grasp of narrative; and he writes very much from the point of view of the knights who fought with Edward. Even as a canon, he lived in princely style, with a retinue of two knights and forty squires, and he wrote at the request of John of Hainault, the uncle of queen Philippa. He was thus able to draw directly on the verbal accounts of the Crécy campaign given to him by soldiers from Hainault who had fought on both sides; and his description of warfare in Scotland is the most realistic account of what it was like to be on campaign that survives from this period. If he succumbs occasionally to a good story from one of the participants in the wars, this helps us to understand the way in which the knights saw themselves; but his underlying objective is to keep 'as close to the truth as I could, according to what I personally have seen and remembered, and also what I have heard from those who were there.' Edward may be his hero, a 'gallant and noble king', but Le Bel tells the notorious story of his supposed rape of the countess of Salisbury because he believed it to be true, puzzled and shocked though he was by his material. It is a text which helps to put the massive work of Jean Froissart in perspective, but its concentrated focus and relatively short time span makes it a much more approachable and highly readable insight into the period."--Publisher's website.
- 9781843836940 (hbk.) and 1843836947 (hbk.)
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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