Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Poland 2011 [electronic resource] / International Energy Agency
- Corporate Author:
- International Energy Agency
- Paris : OECD Publishing, 2011.
- Physical Description:
- 192 p. : ill. ; 20x27cm
- Energy Policies of IEA Countries, 1990-0082
- Restrictions on Access:
- License restrictions may limit access.
- 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND KEY RECOMMENDATIONS -- Executive summary -- Key recommendations -- PART I. POLICY ANALYSIS -- 2. Genergy Energy Policy -- -Country overview -- Supply and demand -- Energy policy institutions -- Key policies -- Competition and consumer protection -- Energy prices and taxes -- Critique -- Recommendations -- 3. Climate Change -- -Emissions trends and projections -- CO2 emissions abatement potential -- Targets and objectives -- Policies and measures -- Critique -- Recommendations -- 4. Energy Efficiency -- -Energy intensity -- Policy framework -- Policies and measures by sector -- Critique -- Recommendations -- PART II. SECTOR ANALYSIS -- 5. Electricity, Heating, and Nuclear Energy -- -Electricity supply and demand -- Investment needs -- Policy priorities -- Nuclear Energy Programme -- Industry structure and regulatory framework -- Electricity pricing -- District heating -- Combined heat and power -- Critique -- Recommendations -- 6. Coal -- -Supply, demand and trade -- Industry structure -- Coal industry policy -- Coal technology R&D -- Recommendations -- 7. Natural Gas -- -Supply and demand -- Market reform and industry structure -- Infrastructure -- Gas security policy -- Prices and tariffs -- Critique -- Recommendations -- 8. Oil -- -Supply and demand -- The upstream sector -- Infrastructure -- Retail market structure -- Emergency response policy and emergency organisation -- Emergency oil reserves -- Prices and taxes -- Critique -- Recommendations -- 9. Renewable Energy -- -Supply and demand -- Policies and measures -- Financing and project development -- Critique -- Recommendations -- PART III. ENERGY TECHNOLOGY -- 10. Energy Technology and R&D -- Energy R&D strategy -- Institutional organisation -- Energy R&D funding -- Energy R&D programmes -- International collaboration -- Critique -- Recommendations -- PART IV. ANNEXES -- Annex A: Organisation of the review -- Annex B: Energy balances and key statistical data -- Annex C: Existing and planned coal]fired power plants, 2009 -- Annex D: International Energy Agencyfs gShared Goalsh -- Annex E: Glossary and list of abbreviations ANNEX F: Bibliography
- The International Energy Agency's comprehensive 2011 review Poland's energy policies and programmes. The review finds that Poland has made commendable efforts to develop a solid energy policy framework over the last years. As energy security is a high policy priority, the country is enhancing gas supply security by building an LNG terminal, expanding underground storage capacity and increasing domestic gas production. Polish plans for developing electricity and gas cross-border links will also contribute to regional security of supply. In addition, the government has announced an ambitious nuclear programme by 2030, envisaging the first unit to enter operation by 2022. Other achievements include energy intensity improvements, an increased share of renewables and a stronger focus on energy research and development (R&D). Despite these positive developments, there is room for improving Polandfs energy strategy. First, a more integrated energy and climate policy is needed to put Poland firmly on a low-carbon path while enhancing energy security. Second, energy policy could put more emphasis on promoting competition to make the energy markets more efficient. Decarbonising Polandfs power sector will be a particularly significant challenge requiring huge investments. Coal accounts for 55% of Polish primary energy supply and 92% of electricity generation, raising significant climate change and environmental challenges. To this end, Polandfs efforts to improve energy efficiency and to diversify the countryfs energy mix are praiseworthy and should be pursued. The governmentfs attention to R&D on clean coal technologies, including carbon capture and storage (CCS) is also encouraging. The government could put more focus on the positive role that gas can play in decarbonising the electricity mix, especially if Polandfs potential resources of unconventional gas are confirmed. To tap these resources, it will be vital to put the necessary legal and regulatory framework in place. This in-depth review analyses the energy challenges facing Poland and provides sectoral critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
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