- Machine generated contents note: pt. I FUNDAMENTALS AND ENVIRONMENT OF THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR -- 1.What Is the Nonprofit Sector? -- Nonprofits and Public Problems -- What Is a Nonprofit? -- Public Charities -- Other 501(c) Nonprofits -- Foundations -- Classification of Nonprofits -- Scope and Function of the Nonprofit Sector -- Growth of the Nonprofit Sector -- Economic Impact of Nonprofits -- Philanthropy and Policy Solutions -- Public Problems and the Policy Process -- Stages of the Policy Process -- Collaboration -- Our Approach -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- 2.Federalism and the Relationships between the Public, Nonprofit, and For-Profit Sectors -- The U.S. Federal System and Its Relationship with Nonprofit Organizations -- Nonprofit Federalism -- The Three Sectors -- Characteristics of the Three Sectors -- Intersectorality and Welfare Policy -- Faith-Based Organizations -- Not-for-Profit Organizations as Government Contractors -- Intersectoral Competition -- Intersectoral Collaboration -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- 3.Theories of the Nonprofit Sector and Policy Change -- Theories of the Nonprofit Sector -- Demand-Side Theories: Nonprofits Form to Respond to Unmet Needs -- Supply-Side Approach: Personal Interests and Resources Drive the Development of Nonprofits -- Demand and Supply: Instrumental vs. Expressive Rationales -- Nonprofits and Public Policy: Functional and Legislative Theories of Federalism -- Theories of Policy Change -- Punctuated-Equilibrium Theory: Explaining Non-Incremental Policy Change -- Multiple Streams Theory: Coupling Problems, Policies, and Politics for Change -- 4.Regulating Not-for-Profit Organizations -- Regulatory Policy Increasingly Affects Nonprofits -- Nonprofits Subject to Federal Government Regulation -- Rules and Regulations of the Internal Revenue Service -- Lobbying: IRS and Supreme Court Action Regarding Nonprofits' Political Activity -- Congressional Oversight and Legislation Directly Affect Nonprofit Action -- State Regulation: Offices of the Secretary of State and Attorney General -- Board Members and the Duty of Care -- Donor-Imposed Restrictions on Gifts -- Regulation of Charitable Solicitations by the States -- Indirect Regulation: Courts and Contracts -- Government Grants and Contract Compliance -- Regulation through the Courts -- Self-Regulation in the Voluntary Sector -- Watchdog Groups as Sector Regulators -- Using Accreditation to Enforce Standards and Best Practices -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- pt. II STRATEGIES OF NOT-FOR-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS -- 5.The Role of Mission and Strategic Management -- The Mission: Critical for Nonprofit Success -- Organizational Values and the Role of Stakeholders -- The Role of Leadership in Planning and Meeting Needs -- Managing the Mission -- The Nonprofit Mission and Change -- The Importance of the Mission Statement -- Organizational Vision -- Strategic Planning and Management -- Organizational Goals -- Organizational Accounting -- Systematic Planning -- Measuring and Evaluating Outcomes -- Learning from Evaluation -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- 6.Lobbying and Advocacy: Politics, Policy, and Possibilities -- Articulating the Nonprofit Voice within Governmental Constraints -- Nonprofit Advocacy Can Shape the Policy Environment -- The Importance of Advocacy in Pursuit of Mission -- What Is "Lobbying?" -- Myths about Nonprofits and Lobbying -- Lobbying Allowable under the Law -- Limits on Lobbying: The "Substantial Part Test" and 501(h) -- Other Options: 501(c)(4) Affiliation and Professional Lobbyists -- Public Policy Advocacy and Foundations -- Shaping Policy, Strengthening Community -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- 7.Ethics and Accountability -- Developing Organizational Commitment to Ethics and Accountability -- Defining Ethics -- Transparency Combats Corruption, Inhibits Compromise, and Affects Policy -- The Importance of Accountability -- Fostering a Strong Ethical Culture -- System of Accountability: Influences on Nonprofit Behavior -- External Constraints on Nonprofits -- Internal Measures Exercised by Nonprofits -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- 8.Marketing the Nonprofit Organization -- Marketing Basics -- General Marketing Principles and Techniques -- Marketing in a Nonprofit Environment -- The Importance of a Marketing Plan -- Identifying the Nonprofit's Target Audience -- Differentiating the Nonprofit through Positioning -- Developing the Nonprofit's Brand Identity -- Corporate Social Responsibility as a Source of Nonprofit Support -- Nonprofit Fundraising Events and Corporate Sponsorship -- Benefits and Risks of Product Endorsements and Licensing Agreements -- Cause-Related Marketing -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- 9.Resource Development: Capacity, Campaigns, and Commercial Ventures -- Fiscal Health and Capacity -- Nonprofit Sustainability -- Resource Dependence and Revenue Diversification -- Sources of Revenue and Their Relation to Mission -- Earned Income as a Stable Source of Revenue -- Commercial Ventures: Bake Sales to Thrift Shops -- Social Enterprises: Market Principles for Social Aims -- The Role of Corporate Giving and Sponsorship -- Why Corporations Give -- The Influence of Corporate Philanthropy -- Individual Contributions and Fundraising -- Using Electronic Media to Solicit Contributions -- The Gift of Giving -- Special Events Fundraising -- Endowments Promote Long-Term Viability -- Legal Restrictions on Endowments -- The Policy Implications of Charitable Giving -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- 10.Resource Development: Grants -- The Role of Grants in the Nonprofit Sector -- Types of Grants -- Project or Program Grants -- Operating Grants -- Seed Money -- Challenge/Matching Grants -- Government Grants and Fee-for-Service Contracts -- Distribution of Government Grants -- Public Goods and Services via Government Contracts -- Foundation Funding -- Types of Foundations -- Preparing a Grant Proposal -- Getting Started -- Budget and Project Narratives -- Submitting the Proposal -- Public Policy Consequences of Grants and Contracts -- Government Funding of Policy Priorities -- Foundation Funding to Influence Policy -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- pt. III MANAGEMENT ISSUES -- 11.Administration and Management -- Managing Nonprofit Organizations -- Organizational Structures and Behavior -- Systems Theory and the Impact of Internal and External Pressures -- Differing Management Needs across Sectors -- Good Management In the Nonprofit Sector -- Nonprofit Effectiveness and Efficiency -- Organizational Reforms and the Quest for Improvement -- Capacity Building and Successful Nonprofits -- Organizational Reform Efforts and Management Challenges Unique to Nonprofits -- Financial Management and Budgeting -- Financial Issues Unique to Nonprofit Organizations -- Investment Strategies -- Nonprofit Budgeting: Roles and Responsibilities -- Nonprofit Budgeting: Types of Budgets and Financial Statements -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- 12.Nonprofit Governance and Leadership -- The Shared Responsibility of Nonprofit Governance and Leadership -- Governance and Achieving the Mission of Nonprofit Organizations -- Theories of Organizational Leadership -- Boards and Executives as Leaders -- The Relationship between Boards and Executives -- Transfers in Executive Leadership -- The Difference That Leadership Makes -- Boards of Directors -- Theories of Nonprofit Board Behavior -- The Legal Environment of Nonprofit Boards -- What We Know about Nonprofit Boards -- Roles and Responsibilities of Board Members -- Board Structure and Development -- Best Practices for Boards -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- 13.Managing Human Resources: Volunteers and Staff -- Management of Nonprofit Human Resources -- Strategic Human Resource Management -- Recruitment and Assessment -- Motivating Nonprofit Employees -- Performance -- The Growth of Professionalism in Nonprofit Organizations -- Volunteers and the Coproduction of Work -- Volunteer Management -- Who Volunteers? -- Volunteer Recruitment -- Volunteer Retention -- Personnel Conflict and Dispute Resolution -- Employment Law and Nonprofit Organizations -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- 14.Evaluating Success -- Nonprofit Evaluation: Measuring Outcomes to Ensure Accountability -- Why Do We Evaluate? -- Evaluation in the Policymaking Process -- Using Evaluation for Mission Advancement -- What Do We Evaluate?: Organizational Performance -- Financial Ratios -- Social Accounting -- Process Evaluation -- Nonprofit Dashboards -- The Role of Third Party Watchdogs -- What Do We Evaluate?: Program Performance -- Who Is Involved in the Evaluation Process? -- Professional Evaluation Services -- Self-Evaluation -- Program Theories and Logic Models -- How Do We Evaluate? -- Determining Measures and Selecting Indicators -- Collecting Data -- Analyzing the Quantitative Data -- Reporting, Presenting, and Using the Findings -- Practical Concerns -- Evaluation Fears and Limitations -- Political Concerns -- The Consequences of Neglecting Evaluation -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources -- pt. IV THE FUTURE OF THE NONPROFIT SECTOR -- 15.Looking Forward: Emerging Trends for Managing Nonprofits -- and Contents note continued: Policy Consequences and Increasing Complexity for the Nonprofit Sector -- The Past and Future for Nonprofits and Public Policy -- Important Trends Affecting the Nonprofit Sector -- Trends Affecting Government-Nonprofit Relationships -- Trends Affecting the Relationships between the For-Profit and Voluntary Sectors -- Nonprofit Trends That Blur the Lines between Sectors -- Implications of Emerging Trends for the Nonprofit Sector -- Potential Negative Consequences of Emerging Trends -- Conclusion -- Questions for Review -- Assignment -- Suggested Readings -- Web Resources.
- 9781452240053 (pbk.)
- Bibliography Note:
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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